Collection Split Collection Maintainer Published
Contents DhpSp Parallels Dhp Scribes
Frame Fragment 3 Other ID
Type Date Basis for date
Medium Birch bark Findspot Last known location
Dimensions (cm) 14 × 50 cm Lines (r) Lines (v)
Editions Falk 2011, 13, 16–9; Falk 2015 Other refs. Strauch 2008.2, 264; Holzapfel 2016, 34
Comments

Buddhistische Handschriften aus Gandhara
The ‘Split’ Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Texts
A New Gāndhārī Dharmapada (Texts from the Split Collection 3)
Glaube auf Reisen: Als der Buddhismus nach China kam: Edition der ältesten bekannten Handschriften Indiens
Recto

1. . . . /// ? ? ? ? ? ? ? /// (1a) + + + + + + + +

2. (1b) + + + + + + + + (1c) + + + + + + + + (1d) /// [e]ṣa Marasa mohaṇo (2a) ṣadho śileṇa saṃpaṇa (2b) yaś̄abhog̱asama[p]‍(*i)///(*da)1

3. (2c) + + + + + + + + (2d) + + + + + (*pu)///yida2 (N) io {{ajihi}} aṇutridiya ajihima katava (3a) ṣa[dha]dhaṇa śi///(*ladhaṇa)3 (3b) + + + +

4. + + + + (3c) + + + + + + + + (3d) (*pra)///ña4 e satamo dhaṇa ◊ (4a) yased(*e) dhaṇa ya daṇi (4b) istriya puruṣa///(*sa)5 + (4c) + + + + + + + +

5. (4d) /// ? [ta]◊sa6 jivido (5a) tasva ṣadha ca śila ca (5b) prasada dhamadeśaṇe ◊ (5c) aṇuyujea mesa///(*vi)7 (5d) + + + + + + + +

6. (6a) śilo rakṣeya mes̱avo (6b) pratheaṇa8 trae suhaṃ (6c) praśaṃśo vitralabha ca (6d) preca svargeṣu ma ◦ /// (7a) + + + + + +

7. praño (7b) cita praña ca bhavae (7c) pravuṇi aṇ(*u)pruveṇa (7d) sarvasaṃyoyaṇakṣayo (8a) śi[l]‍(*e)9/// + + + + + + (8b) + + + + +

8. (*s)aṃv[u]do (8c) bhoyaṇasva ya matraṃña10(8d) jagariaṇuyujido ◊ (9a) evavihari11 adavi (9b) ? /// + + + + + + + (9c) + + + + + + + +

9. (9d) yovakṣema[sa] p[r]atiyo (10a) ahu nago va sakrame (10b) cavativadida [śara (10c) ativaka]12 /// + + + + (10d) + + + + + + + +

10. (10e) + + + + + + + + (10f) (*dru)///[śil]‍(*o) [h]‍(*i)13 /// + + + + (11a) + + + + + + + + (11b) + + + + + + + + (11c) + + + + + + + +

11. (11d) mucuraya no paśati 10 1 ○ (12a) aṣadho agidaṃño [ya] (12b) [sa]‍(*ṃ)‍[dh]iched(*o)14 ca yo nara (12c) hada[vavag̱aś]o /// + + + (12d) + + + + + + + +

12. (13a) + + + + + + + + (13b) + /// ? ? ? ◊ [k]. [va]la (13c) so hi maadhano logo ◦ (13d) mahamaṃñida ya ? /// + (14a) + + + + + + + +

13. (14b) + + + + + + + + ? ? /// (14c) [sakha na ka]reda paḍido ◊ (14d) saṃgadi kavuruṣehi paviyo ◊ (15a) ṣadhehi ca [p]‍(*e)///(*śalehi) +15

14. (15b) + + + + + + + + + + + (15c) (*sa)///kha16 kurveya paḍi⟨*do⟩17(15d) saṃgati saṃpuruṣehi bhadiya ◊ (16a) dadaṃti [hi] /// + + + + (16b) + + + + + + + +

15. (16c) + + + + + + + + (16d) + + + + ? /// bh(*o)yano18 (16e) na so divo va radi va (16f) samasiṃ asigachati ◊ (17a) ? /// + + + + + + +

16. (17b) + + + + + + + + (17c) + + + + + + + + (17d) (*na)///[sti19 ducari]do mamo ◊ (18a) vigadaṣadha na sevea (18b) udavaṇaṃ /// + + + +

17. (18c) + + + + + + + + (18d) + + + + + + + + (19a) + + .a.a dhrua ṣadha (19b) idi driṭho maya pure ◊ (19c) yasa driṭho [tasa s]. ? ◊ (19d) + + + +

18. + + + + (20a) + + + + + + + + (20b) + + + + + + /// [d].[v]. (20c) [m]. ? [y].[t].[v].[v].[s]. ? (20d) + ? /// + + + + + +

19. (20e) + + + + + + + + (20f) /// ? /// + + + + + + + (21a) (*ma)///(*d)‍[r]‍(*i)‍[śa20 v]‍(*e)21 [jina bh]‍(*oṃ)‍[t]‍(*i)22 (21b) [y]‍(*e)23 [prata asava]kṣayo (21c) jida me pavag̱a dhama (21d) tasvahu24 Uvaga /// ? ? (22a) + + (*Raya)‐​

20. gahe25 budho (22b) Mag̱asaṇa Giri[v]raṇu (22c) sarva Saṃjaïa ṇetva ◊ (22d) ka sa daṇi ṇaeśasi (23a) ṇeyaṃti ya mahavira (23b) sadhame[ṇa tasa]///(*gada)26

21. (23c) dhameṇa ṇeamaṇasa (23d) ka y asuye viyaṇaṃda (24a) ma kuja{{ra}}ro ṇagom asava27 (24b) dukha hi kujaro nagasamado (24c) ṇa /// + + + + + + + + +

22. (24d) suati bhoṃti idaṃ paraṃ gado (25a) aradhavirya pahidatva (25b) ṇica driḍhaparakrama (25c) samaga ṣavaga paśa (25d) eṣa budha[ṇa]28 /// + + + (26a) + + + + + + + +

23. (26b) caraṃti amara sihu (26c) sadhamaṃ ta viyanaṃti (26d) aduraseva śadvari (27a) ekasaṇa ekaśayo (27b) egayiaṃ ataṃtri[a] /// (27c) + + + + + + + +

24. (27d) vaṇe ca ekayo vase (28a) dure saṃte praveśaṃti (28b) himavata va parvada (28c) asaṃta ◊ na pragaśat[i] /// (28d) + + + + + + + + (*10 4 1 1)

25. (29a) acarita bramacariyo (29b) aladhva yo[gaṇa dhaṇa] (29c) śati cavavigirṇa29 va (29d) poraṇaṇi aṇusvara ◦ (30a) ji[a]‍(*ṃ)///(*ti)30 + + + + + + + +

26. (30b) asa śariraṃ pi jaro uveti ◊ (30c) sada du dhama ṇa jaro uveti (30d) sato hi ṇa sadha pravedeaṃti (31a) dhi [t]‍(*v)‍[a]31 ? /// + + + + + (31b) + + + + + + + +

27. (31c) ? ? [maṇo]rama bibo (31d) jarae abhimadeti (32a) [yo vi vaṣaśado jiv]‍(*e)32 (32b) sarve mucuparayaṇa (32c) /// + + + + + + + + (32d) ? + + + + + + +

28. (33a) + + + ///(*d)‍[r]‍(*i)sva33 duhinaṃ ca vas̱ido (33b) mudaṃ ca drisvaṇa avedacedaso (33c) achicha dhiro g̱ihibadhaṇa[ṇ]‍(*i)34 ◊ /// (33d) + + + + + + + + + + +

29. (34a) parijaṇaṃ idaṃ ruvo (34b) ruvaṇeḍo prabhaṃguṇu (34c) bhesati pudasaṃteśo (34d) maraṇaṃta hi jivida (35a) maṇuyasa35 [sa]///(*da)36 + + + +37

30. (35b) matra janadhu ladhva bhoyaṇo (35c) tanu asa bhavati vedaṇa (35d) śaṇayo jivati ayu palati (36a) muṃce purado [muṃc]‍(*e)38/// + + + (36b) + + + +

31. bhavasa parago (36c) sarvatra vimutamanasa (36d) ṇa puṇu jatijaro uveśasi (37Aa) ajara jivamaṇeṇa (37Ab) ḍaśamaṇeṇa ṇiva[ti] /// (37Ac) + + + + + + + +

32. (37Ad) yovakṣemo aṇuta (37Ba) ajaro jivamaṇeṇa (37Bb) ḍaśamaṇeṇa ṇivuti (37Bc) ṇimesa paramo śodhi (37Bd) yoyakṣemo aṇutaro

33. (38a) uvaṇiyati jivida apom ayu (38b) jarovaṇidasa ṇa bhati trana (38c) ede bhaya maraṇa prekṣama⟨*ṇa⟩39 (38d) puñaṇi kurvea suhavaga /// +

34. (39a) uvaṇiati jivido apom ayu (39b) jarovaṇidasa ṇa bhoti traṇa (39c) ede bhaya maraṇa prekṣamaṇa (39d) logamiṣa pra⟨*j⟩aha40 śa(*ṃ)‍[ti]///(*prekṣo)41

35. (40a) [a]cayaṃti kale tarayati rati[a] ◊ (40b) [vaya puṇu aṇ]‍(*u)p(*ru)‍[ve jahaṃ]ma (40c) [ido] bha[ya maraṇa]42 pre[kṣamaṇa] /// (40d) + + + + + + + + + + +

36. (41a) [aca]yaṃti kale tvarayat[i] radiyo ◊ (41b) vayo puṇu {{aṇapuṇa}} aṇapruve jahaṃti (41c) edo bhayo maraṇa prekṣamaṇa ◦ (42a) acayati aho///(*ratra)43 (42b) + + + + + + + +

37. (42c) ayu kṣiyati mracaṇa ◊ (42d) kuṇadiṣu yasodayo ◊ ◦ (43a) asa pavaṇi kamaṇi (43b) karo balo ṇa buj̄ati (43c) svagehi kamehi [ya] /// + (43d) + + + + + + + +

38. (44a) sahi ege ṇa driśati ◊ (44b) praṇe driṭha bahojaṇa (44c) praṇi ege ṇa driśati ◊ (44d) saï driṭha bahujaṇa (45a) tatra ko viśpiśe mraca (45b) ? /// + + + + + + +

39. (45c) dahara yeva mriyaṃti (45d) ṇa⟨*ra⟩ ṇari ca eg̱aśo ◦ (46a) yasa phalasa pakasa (46b) nico padaṇado bhayo (46c) eva ja[da]///(*sa)44 + + + (46d) + + + + + + + +

40. (47a) ye ca vurdha ye ca dahara ◦ (47b) ye ca majimaporuṣa (47c) aṇapruvo pravataṃti (47d) phala paka va baṃdhaṇa ◊ (48a) [sa]///(*rve)45 + + + + + + (48b) + + + + + + + +

41. (48c) yasa[ka]ma gramiśati (48d) puñapavaphal(*o)vag̱a (48e) niraya pavakamaṃta ◊ (48f) pu///(*ñakama)46 + + + +47 (49a) + + + + + + + +

42. (49b) puña kurvea ta ? ? (49c) puña hi paraloasmi (49d) pradiṭha bhaṃti pranina ◊ (50a) puña deva pra[śaṃśaṃti] (50b) saṃ[ma]///(*cariyo)48 + + + +49 (51a) + + + +

43. kalagada bahu jaṇa50(51b) salohiṃda kaṃdida drigharatro ◊ (51c) taṃ tadiśo viparinamo ñadina ◊ (51d) taṃ drigharatro ? /// + + + + + (51e) + + + +

44. driḍhaviryanikramo ◦ (52a) bhave bhaya drisva (53a) sapraṃña ṣavagho ◊ (53b) dukha hi jatimaraṇo (53c) punapuna avi ṣa[ma] (53d) ? /// + + + + + + +

45. (54a) yasa rativavasena ◊ (54b) ayuv apadaro siya ◊ (54c) apodago va matsana (54d) ki nu teṣa kumaleda ◊ (55a) yam eva pa[ḍha]///(*ma)51 + + (55b) + + + + + + + +

46. (55c) abhuṭ́hido so vrayati ◊ (55d) so gatva na nivatati ◊ (56a) sado vrayama anivatamana ◊ (56b) diva ca rati ca palujamana ◊ (56c) me[tsa]52 /// + + + + + + + +

47. (56d) dukhana jatimaraṇeṇa phuṭha ◊ (57a) tasva sada jaṇarada samahidaṃ (57b) adavino jatikṣayatadaśa ◊ (57c) Maro saseno abhi[bh]‍(*u)///(*ya)53 + + +54

48. (57d) bhavasa jatimaraṇa[sa paraga] ◊ [20] 4 4 1 (58a) asvaj̄ayamala maṃtra (58b) aṇ[u]ṭ́hanamala ghara ◊ (58c) malo malosa kosi[jo] (58d) /// + + + + + +

49. malo (59a) malo ist[r]iducarido55(59b) matsariyo dadado malo (59c) malo hi pavaga dhama ◦ (59d) asvi loge parasvi ca ◊ (60a) ado malo maladaro /// (60b) + + + + + + + +

50. (60c) ede maṃla prahatvana (60d) nimalaṃ bhos̱a bhikṣavo (61a) ayasa hi malo samuṭ́hida (61b) tado uṭ́haye m eva khayati (61c) eva aṇiśama[ca]///(*rino)56

51. (61d) svag̱ani ⟨*kamani⟩57 nayati dugati (62a) anupruvena mesavi (62b) stogostogo khanakhana (62c) kamaro rayidaṃseva (62d) nidhame ma[la] /// + + + (63a) + + + + + + + +

52. (63b) Yamapuruṣa vi ya de uṭ́hida ◊ (63c) uyodamuheva58 tiṭhasi (63d) paseya pi ya de na vijadi (64a) u[y].[m]. /// + + + + + + +

53. (64b) kamaro rayidaṃ va nidhame ◊ (64c) nidhatamalo anagano (64d) diviya ariyabhumi eśasi (65a) ekamulo du[a]///(*vato)59 (65b) + + + + + + + +

54. (65c) samudro badaśavato (65d) padalo pa[dari mun]i (66a) pradurabhuṣi60 Magadheṣu phurv(*e)61 (66b) [dha]‍(*m)‍[o62 aśudho samal]‍(*e)///(*hi)63 + + + (66c) + + + + + + + + + + +

55. (66d) śunaṃtu dhaṃmo vimuleṇaṇubudhi ◊ (67a) yasa ṣatriśati soda ◦ (67b) maṇopraṣavaṇo bhuyo (67c) vaha vahaṃti dru[driṭh]‍(*o)64/// (67d) + + + + + + + +

56. (68a) rag̱a doṣo ca moho ca (68b) puruṣo pavacedaso (68c) hiṃsaṃti atmasabhuda (68d) tvayasara bha sva pha[la] /// (69a) + + + + + + + +

57. (69b) ki ti ayinaśaḍiya (69c) ataro gahana kitva (69d) bahiro parimajasi 10 1 1 (70a) yas̱a vi ruyido pupho (70b) [vanavata] /// + + + +

58. (70c) eva subhaṣido vaya (70d) aphalo [bh]‍(*o)‍[t]‍(*i a)‍[k]‍(*ur)‍[vado] ◦ (71a) {ya} yasa vi ruyi[da p]u[ph]o ◊ (71b) vaṇavaṃto sugaṃdhiyo (71c) eva subhaṣido va///(*ya)65 (71d) + + +

59. bh[oti] kurvada (72a) yasa vi pupharaśiyo (72b) ku[ya] malaguna bahu (72c) eva jadena mracana (72d) katavo kuśalo [ba]h(*u) (73a) /// + + + + + + + +

60. (73b) vaṇagaṃdho aheḍayo ◊ (73c) paredi rasam adaya (73d) eva g̱ame muṇi cara ◦ (74a) ṇa pareṣu vilomaye (74b) ṇa pareṣu krida[gid]‍(*o)66/// (74c) + + + + + + + +

61. (74d) samaṇi viṣamaṇi ca (75a) yas̱a saṃkarag̱uḍasvi ◊ (75b) ujidasvi mahapase ◊ (75c) paduma tatra jayea ◊ (75d) suyigaṃdho mano[ra]///(*mo)67 (76a) + + + + + + + +

62. (76b) aṃdhahuda prusujana (76c) adiroyati puñaya ◊ (76d) saṃmesaṃbudhaṣavaya ◊ (77a) na puphagaṃdho pradivado va[ya]///(*di)68 (77b) + + + + + + + +

63. (77c) satana gaṃdho pradivadaṃ vayati ◊ (77d) sarva diśa sapuruṣo pravayadi ◦ (78a) tag̱ara caṃdanaṃ ceva ◊ (78b) upalo adha var[ṣ]‍(*i)///(*gi)69 (78c) + + + + + + + +

64. (78d) śilagaṃdho anutaro ◦ (79a) teṣaṃ saṃpanaśilani ◊ (79b) apramadavihariṇaṃ ◊ (79c) samaṃdañavimutanaṃ ◊ (79d) g̱ati Maro na vijati ◊ (80a) puphaṇi ? /// + + + +

65. (80b) vasitamanasa nara ◊ (80c) suto g̱amo mahoho va ◊ (80d) aṃta[gadae] gachati ◊ (81a) puphaṇi r eva prayaṇaṃ[ta] ◊ (81b) vasitamanasa ṇara ◊ (81c) [a]‍(*t)‍[i]///(*ta)70 + + + + +

66. (81d) mucu adaye g̱achati ◊ (82a) phenoamo kayam idaṃ viditva ◊ (82b) mariyudhamo avisaṃbasana ◊ (82c) chetvana Marasa pravośpu[yan]‍(*i)71 (82d) +72 /// + + + + + + + + + +

67. (83a) ko imo paḍhavi vieśeti

68. (83b) Yamalogaṃ ca imo sadeva ? (83c) ko dhamapado sudeśido ◊ (83d) kuśalo p.mam [iva p].[ye].[i] ? ◊ (84a) budho paḍha[v]‍(*i)73/// + + + +

69. (84b) Yamalogaṃ ca imo sadevago ◊ (84c) budha dhamapado sudeśida ◊ (84d) kuśali puphaṃm iva prayeśati 10 4 1 (85a) sahaṃsam [o]74 /// + + + + (85b) + + + + + + + +

70. (85c) eko vayapada ṣeyo ◊ (85d) ya ṣutva uvaśamati ◦ ◊ (86a) sahaṃsaṃ eva vayaṇa ◦ (86b) anathapadasahiṇo ◊ (86c) eko dhamapado [ṣ]e///(*yo)75 (86d) + + + + +

71. (87a) sahaṃsam iva gasaṇa ◊ (87b) aṇathapadasahida ◊ (87c) eko dhamapado ṣeyo ◊ (87d) ya ṣutva uvaśamati ◊ (88a) yo sahaṃso sa /// + + + (88b) + + + + + + + +

72. (88c) ega ca jiṇa atvaṇo ◊ (88d) so hu saṃg̱ama utamo ◦ (89a) atva hi saṃjido ṣeyo ◦ (89b) ya caṃña idaro praya ◊ (89c) ya ca vaṣa[śa]‍(*do)76 ? /// +

73. (89d) śpage pariyaṇe vaṇe (90a) egaṃ ca bhavidatvaṇa ◊ (90b) mahuta vi puyae (90c) sa yeva puyaṇaṃ ṣeyo

Source: Falk 2015
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: [dha].[o]
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: [sama] ? +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: du ? + + +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: bahujaṇa
SB (20150330); Falk 2015: mano ? +
Baums (20150330); Falk 2015: ⟨*karmani⟩
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: yaś̄a bhog̱a sama[p]. +
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: + yida
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: śi + + +
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: + ña
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: puruṣa +
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: ? ◊ sa
SB (20150331); Falk 2015; mesa +
SN (20150331); Falk 2015: prathea ṇa
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: śi[l].
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: bhoyaṇasvayamatraṃña
SB (20150331); Falk 2013: eva vihari
SB (20150331); Falk 2015: [ativa] ?
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: ? [dh]iched(*o)
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: + [śil].[h].
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: [p]. + + + + +
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: + kha
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: paḍi
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: bh.yano
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: + [sti]
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: + ? [śa]
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: [v].
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: [bh].[t].
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: [y].
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: tasva hu
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: + + gahe
SB (20150401); Falk 2015: [tasa] + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: ṇagomasava
SB (20150402): Falk 2015: budha ?
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: cava vigirṇa
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: ji[a] +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: [t].
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: [jiv].
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: ? sva
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: g̱ihibadhaṇa[ṇ].
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: aṇuyasa
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: [s]. +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: + + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: [muṃc].
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: prekṣama
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: pra.aha
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: śa ? + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: bha[yamaraṇ].
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: aho + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: ja[d]. +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: [s]. +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: pu + + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: + + + + +
saṃ[ma] + + +
SB (20150402); Falk 2015: + + +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: pa[ḍh]. +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: me[ts].
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: abhi[bh]. +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: + +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: sa praṃñaṣavagho
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: ist[r]i ducarido
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: aṇiśama ? + + +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: uyodamuhe va
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: pradur abhuṣi
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: dru[dri] ?
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: va +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: krida[gid].
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: va[ya] +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: var[ṣ]. +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: [a] ? +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: pravośpu[ya] ?
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: ?
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: paḍha ?
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: sahaṃsam[o]
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: [ṣ]e +
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: vaṣa[śa] ?
SB (20150403); Falk 2015: phurv.


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