Collection Bajaur Maintainer Published
Contents BC 11 Parallels Scholastic text Scribes BCS5
Frame 20–1 Fragment 11 Other ID
Type Date 50‒150 Basis for date paleography
Medium Birch bark Findspot Mahal, Mian Kili, District Dir, Bajaur, Pakistan Last known location
Dimensions (cm) 15.5 × 37.5 Lines (r) 51 Lines (v) 30
Editions Schlosser 2016 Other refs. Nasim Khan+ 2004; Strauch 2008.3; Nasim Khan 2008, 127–35; Allon+ 2010, 10; Schlosser+ 2016.2, 309; Holzapfel 2016, 34–5; Schlosser 2018, 370–2, 375, 377, 379–80
Comments Transcribed by Ingo Strauch (2006). Updated for Schlosser 2016 (SB, 20160512).

Buddhist Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts from Gandhāra: A New Discovery
The Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts – A Preliminary Survey
Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts from Gandhāra
New Evidence for Mahayana in Early Gandhāra
The Bajaur Mahāyāna Sūtra: A Preliminary Analysis of Its Contents
On the Bodhisattva Path in Gandhāra: Edition of Fragment 4 and 11 from the Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts
Glaube auf Reisen: Als der Buddhismus nach China kam: Edition der ältesten bekannten Handschriften Indiens
Die Spreu vom Weizen trennen: Ein Gleichnis in buddhistischen Handschriften aus Gandhāra und Zentralasien
Recto

01. + + + + + + + + + + + (*ba)///[ho] ca śpah[o] ca ta vucadi ṇevi edeṣ̱a kuś̱aleṇa kaye ṇevi kuś̱a‐​

02. (*leṇa) + + + + + + + + + + /// [ṇa] karye ṇa marga[suhe]ṇa ṇevi edeṣ̱a ṣ̱ahi paramidehi kaye ṇeva suheṇa

03. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// ? ti ya eṣ̱a [śpaho ca ba]‍(*hu ca)

04. + + + + + + + (*a)///[vi kha]ïta dukha kayadukhe avi varjamaṇa du[khe citadukhe tatedam].

05. [du]e dukha pa[ṃ]ḍidaṇa ho vaṇa avi akhaïta kayasuhe avi varjita citasuhe aṇubhavaṇa [tasva] suṭhu

06. ñaṇami abhae kaṭave pariñaprahaṇa ñaṇami ya[va]de uhae suha hakṣa[d]i uhaa ca dukha ṇa hakṣati

07. (*sarvadroacasa a)///[hara]e sarvasapatie ca ṇaś̱e [maje] c[a ṇisamarthe] ◊

08. + + + + + + + + + (*pa)///ricaae sarvadroacasa aharae sarvasapatie ca ṇa[ś̱e] driṭhadhamiasa

09. (*saparaïasa ○ kaï)///[a]sa cedas̱iasa ○ uayeasa avayeasa ○ sakhadaasakhadasa droacasa aharae

10. (*sapatie ca ṇaś̱e) [sa]‍(*kṣi)‍[t]‍(*e)ṇa sarvadroacasa [aharae sa]‍(*rvasa)‍[pat]i[e ca ṇa]ś̱e śpahu ca [ba]hu ca [ke]ṇa

11. ṣa[ṣa]dae paricaea parameṇa ṣadimeṇa paricaïdave · [ṇa va]ṇa citia[d]i tati ma[ma] ṇa parica‐​

12. [i]‍(*dav)‍[e] sudhu vaṇa [c]iti[a]e ta parameṇa ṣadimeṇa par⟨*i⟩cea ṇa vacadi ahu mio sa[kṣ]i ? ci[r]im [et]a [ṣ]a[do]

13. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// ? ? ? c[a] sarv[a] durgadi gach[iea]

14. + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// .o sarv[a] aśuhe aṇubhavi{[da]}ea sarv[e] śuhe [ṇa bhavi]‍{[da]}ea sarva akuśale a[ṇu]bhaviea

15. ? ? ? ? ? [e e] piala yava sasaṃra [u]adiea ṇ[iva]ṇ[u] ca bos̱i [ca] ṇaś̱ie[a] ○ · osagrasuh[e ṇa]meas̱adidi mah[aś̱]‍(*ie)

16. pariñasuhe ca mahaś̱ie · aparas̱iṇasuhe sva[a]s̱iṇasuhe [a]viñati[s]‍(*u)‍[he] ? kṣi ṇe [a] g̱[a] ? [ṇ]. ? [suhe] ? .u ?

17. [s]‍(*u)‍[he sa]‍(*r)‍[vas̱atva].i [ya] ṇ. [s]‍(*u)‍[h]‍(*e) sarvas̱atvaṇama[sa]ṇi[v]asuhe [su]deś̱asuhe [s]u[gadadha]‍(*r)mo[s̱a]ṇasuhe ya vela chata ya[tr]a chade suhe

18. + + + + + + + + + + (*a)///[to]g̱adasuhe śuhe atog̱adasuhe mokṣasuhe avhiñaaś[r]easuh[e] vi[ve]g̱asuhe asagaṇia[suhe]

19. + + + + + + + + + + /// ? [ṇa] suhe pa[ṃ]ḍi[d]a[śri]yaṇa suhe divaca[kṣ]u [va] p[ara]citañaṇa [śriyaṇa su]he [satva]hidasuhe

20. + + + + + + + + + + + /// [sakṣi]teṇa avarimaṇado[ṣ̱a avakra] ? + + (*a)‍[va]rimaṇagu[ṇavidi]miśa [aha]rea suhe

21. + + + + + + + /// ? [s]uhe maha[ś]ie [◦] a[ha] ki eṣ̱a pras̱aṇaka[rmo] ruve · as̱a va aruve ◊

22. ? ? ? + ? ? ? ? ? ? [ita] ṭ́havaṇia ya ṇa sarvas̱atvehi parigrahida ṇa se kamabhoyi

23. asti ye ṇaṇaparigrah[i]di[a] eva bahujaṇasas̱araṇadukha ◦ eṣ̱a vi pradig̱arasuhe [u]⟨*a⟩ṇiṣ̱a‐​

24. {ṣ̱a}suhe1 ca ṇa ṇi[ca ṇa] atve ṇa [ka] suhiṇa bhave [e]ṣ̱a vi p[r]a[di]g̱a[rasuhe ca ua]ṇi[ṣ̱a]suhe ca

25. + + + + + + + + /// [maja ṇisamar]tha purve aśuhe [pa]c̄a aśuhe maja ṇisamartha ṇa karye

26. + + + + + + + + + /// [r]ita osagrasa ca aṇuśaśa paśita citi[t]a .[u] ? [da ṇa] ? [avarimaṇa]

27. + + + + + + + + + /// muḍ̱easa yati pridi ṇa upajea śiṭha [ava]śa u[pa]ṇa ◊

28. + + + + + + + + (*u)///pajea pridi ṇikhalidea ta upaje jugidea sa upajea jugida sa upaj[e]

29. + + + + + + + (*upa)///[je]a ◦ parvayidehi ṇikhalidasa upaje pridi budhesa upajea aprañati

30. [upaj]‍(*e)a pridi paribhu[t]asa upajea aparibhu[t]asa ⟪suverao⟫ upajea sakṣiteṇa sarvatra deś̱ehi2 sarva[t]ra[dea]

31. ṇicakalo ṇa jado [ya]ṇa upajea saṃgaṇia upajea viveg̱ag̱adasa upajea ○ ◊

32. ? ? + ? ? + + + + [a jibha] pramuha chidita tulie uṣ̱ata [ya] atra piṣita kim asuhe teṇa ṇa karye

33. + + + + + + + + + + /// ? duehi caduraguḍ̱iehi as̱ake[ṃ]a ka[r]pa [a]cida ca dukhavida ca

34. [suhade] ca ṇaśida sarvadroac[a aṇu]bhavavida [sarvasapati] ṇaś̱ida sakṣiteṇa yavi mokṣa{de} ṇaśida

35. ajavi asakhea karpa dro[a]c[e] khaveati sapati ṇaś̱eati mokṣo ṇaś̱eati ta imehi ṇa karye sudhu

36. sarvadroacade mucami sarvasapati labhade mokṣa ca ◦ ṇa bhio amaho labheṇa ṣade hoidave adidaaṇa‐​

37. [g̱adap]‍(*r)‍[ac]‍(*u)‍[pa]ṇe[hi] alabheṇa ṣade hoidave · ṇa bhi amahu parubhuteṇa ṣade hoidava aparibhuteṇa ṣa‐​

38. [d]‍(*e) hoidava adidaaṇag̱adapracupaṇehi amidrahoḍ̱eapoṣ̱aṇam iva [ṇa] bhiu [va]yaeṇa

39. ṣade hoidave ava[yede]ṇa ṣade hoidave

40. + + + + + + + + + /// [su]he viñatidukhavidimiśas[u]he yo vela [chade ta] vela ṇa labhadi [du]khavidimiś[as]u(*he)

41. + + + + + + + + /// .[o]vidimiśasuhe yatra deśe ch[a]de tatra ṇa labhadi {di} dukhavidimiśasuhe aśuha

42. [vidimiśasuhe] kayadukhacitadukhavidimiśasuh[e] sarvakayadukhavidimiśasuhe citadukhavidimi‐​

43. śasuhe cedas̱iadukhavidimiśasuhe durgadidukhavidimiśasuhe [saṃsa]raüava[t]i[ṇi]rvaṇa‐​

44. [ṇaś̱adukhavidi]miśasuhe śidaüṣ̄adha[r]aṇadukhavidimiśasuhe civarakṣay[a]kayakṣaya‐​

45. amo[yanakṣayadukha]vidimiśasuhe atvahis[a]parahisasarvas̱atvahisavidimiśasuhe

46. ⟪ṇis̱amarthavidimiśasuhe⟫ [eda]pramuhe avarimaṇa[dukha]vidimiśasuhe kamasuhe hiṇakayaavaramiṇaguṇavidimiśa viveg̱avera[gr]a‐​

47. suhe ṇa karye atra ca viveg̱asuhami vera[gra]suhami ca aya kamasuhe atog̱ado avaśi ṇa siadi

48. + + + + /// ? ṇa [ida ṭ́haṇe] vijadi avaśi [vi]‍(*ve)‍[g̱a]suami veragrasuhami kamasuhe atog̱ade keṇa karaṇeṇa

49. ta [vu]cadi [śile] atog̱ade kṣati atog̱ade daṇe atog̱ade daṇe atog̱ade avi amiṣ̱adaṇe avi dharmadaṇe

50. atog̱ade t[e] yatra ime dhama atog̱ada ta kamasuhe ṇa atog̱ade bhavea ṇa ida ṭ́haṇo vijadi

51. saya[visa] śali sa[rva]rthae śali vu[t]o avi pala[le] atog̱ade yava[s]a tuṣ̱e atog̱ade ◊

Verso

01. matupa[ye]as̱i ola[ïa eṣ̱a] pridisu[he u]pa[ja]di ṇi[liṇi].o.e [pariña]pridi prajaha[ṇapri]⟨*di⟩

02. h[o]idave pridi hoidave pridi avaśi hoidave pridisuha acala pridi asas̱araṇe

03. pridi aṇavaṭie pridi aparihaṇadhama pridi akṣaye pridi yadi va ṇa [ichi]ea

04. ta avaśa hode pridi ṇisamartha ca dukho ca aśuho ca paricaïta kas̱a pridi ṇa upajea

05. eṣ̱a ca ṇisamarthe ca dukhe ca aśuhe ca parica[e]ta avarimaṇaṇa doṣ̱aṇa avarimaṇaṇa droacaṇa ṇaś̱e

06. avarimaṇaṇa sapatiṇa aharae paricaeta [ka]sa paricaïta ṇa pridi upajea yidi va ichiea

07. mame [pridisu]he upajea ta avaśi upaṇa pridi ya[hi a]muḍ̱a khaïta mame kay[e]suho bhod[u]

08. [ta] avaśi suhe ṇa bhavidave viṣ̱a{ja}jita3 mame suho bhodu meme dukha[avaṇao] bhodu avaśi [ho]de

09. (*pridi va) [avaśi ho]de sue va ṇisamartha dukha ca aśuha ca paracaïta mame pridi

10. + + + + + + + + /// ? [va]do ca paricaade avara[mi]ṇadoṣ̱aprahaṇa avarimaṇaṇa sapatiṇa aharae

11. + + + + + + + + + /// pridisuhe ṇa ida ṭ́haṇe vijadi avaśi upajidave sudh[u] citidave ◊

12. ol[aïa] jaṇe vihañadi (*pra)dig̱arasuhasa arthae jaṇe vihañadi uaṇiṣ̱asuhasa ca artha[e]

13. jaṇe vihañadi [ya]hi [du]e ga[ḍ]a du[padua] aj̄atvabahira teṣ̱a ca bheṣ̱ajesuh[e] ṇaśadi [gro]

14. upajea iva eṣ̱a so ya ṇisamartho aroa ga[ḍ]aṇa bheṣ̱aje yadi va kamadhadu yadi va ruvadhadu

15. yadi va arupadhadu ○ ⟪loi[e]ṇa tava karaṇeṇa⟫ [ca cha] parica[ï]ta sarvadroacade mo[kṣ]e sarva[sa]patie ca driṭhadhami⟨*a⟩saparaïa[s̱a]

16. pradibh[ava] k[u] ṇ[a] /// + + + /// ṣado paricae aloieṇa tava karaṇ[e]ṇa picu ṇa puña dhaṇaïta sarvasa

17. + + + + + + + + + /// [ṇ]. ⟪ṣade⟫ paricae ○ ⟪1⟫ loutareṇa bhudañaṇeṇa ṇa ki ca4 paricaïta aṇicag̱a‐​

18. reṇa aṇatvag̱araṇa śuñag̱areṇa aparibhuji[tv]e[a]ag̱areṇa avedeaag̱areṇa sudiṇag̱araṇa

19. akuhicaag̱amaṇaakuhicagamaṇaag̱areṇa parimaṇasaceaag̱areṇa ṇa ki ci5 paricaïta

20. + + + + + + + + /// [sarva]droacasa ṇaś̱e sarpasapatie ca padilabhe [ku ṇa] acitieṇa

21. + + + + + + + + + + + /// ? [d]ukho paricaïta dukhabio pari[caïta] ◊

22. + + + + + + + + + + + /// dukhabie paracaïta dukhasa{r}gharya ga[ḍ]a[sagha]rya roasagharya

23. + + + + + + + + + + (*sa)///[gha]rya paracaïta keṇa karaṇeṇa dukhasagha[rya ta v]‍(*u)c[a]di ? [atra yeṇa]

24. + + + + + + + + + + + /// ta ? [j̄a]e ṇica bhaviśadi aṭ́haṇo evam eva aj̄atvia aïdaṇa6 dukha bahi‐​

25. ra aïdaṇa7 dukha te[ṣ̱a] sagharyade suho bhavea suho upajea ṇa ida ṭ́haṇo vijadi achat[v]ia ga[d]a

26. (*ba)hi[ra] ga[ḍ]a te[ṣ̱]a [sa]‍(*gharyade su)ho bhavea ṇa ida [ṭ́haṇo] i[va] pialo aj̄atvia aśuha bahira aśuha aj̄atvia

27. + + + + + + + + + + + (*iva pi)///[a]l(*o) [ajatvia gaḍa] (*bahira gaḍa teṣ̱a sagharyade) [suho] bhavea ṇa ida ṭ́haṇo

28. + + + + + + + + + /// ? pariñaprahaṇakarmo ca · ruve ◦ as̱a va · aruve ta vucadi avi ruve avi aruve ruvaruva

29. + + + + + + + + + + (*pa)///[ri]yaṇeo pariyaṇeo prahadava pidivaṇe [pidi]vaṇeo pajahidava prajahita prajaha

30. + + + + + + + + + + (*a)///[ṇ]ubhavidave avaśa upaṇa pridi tae teṇa karaṇeṇa avi ruve avi aruve ○ 4

Source: Schlosser 2016
SB (20160512); Schlosser 2016: [u]⟨*a⟩ṇiṣ̱a{ṣ̱a} suhe
SB (20160907); Schlosser 2016: sarvatradeś̱ehi
SB (20181023); Schlosser 2016: viṣ̱ajajita
SB (20181018); Schlosser 2016: kica
SB (20181023); Schlosser 2016: kici
SB (20181018); Schlosser 2016: aj̄atviaaïdaṇa
SB (20181018); Schlosser 2016: bahiraaïdaṇa


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