Collection Bajaur Maintainer Published
Contents BC 4 Parallels Mahāyāna sūtra? Scribes
Frame 10, 18 Fragment 4 Other ID
Type Date 50‒150 Basis for date paleography
Medium Birch bark Findspot Mahal, Mian Kili, District Dir, Bajaur, Pakistan Last known location
Dimensions (cm) Lines (r) 28 Lines (v) 12
Editions Schlosser 2016 Other refs. Nasim Khan+ 2004; Strauch 2008.3; Nasim Khan 2008, 113–9; Allon+ 2010, 10; Holzapfel 2016, 34–5; Schlosser+ 2016.2, 309; Schlosser 2018, 370; Harrison+ 2018, 117
Comments Transcribed by Ingo Strauch (2006). Updated for Schlosser 2016 (SB, 20160511).

Buddhist Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts from Gandhāra: A New Discovery
The Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts – A Preliminary Survey
Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts from Gandhāra
New Evidence for Mahayana in Early Gandhāra
On the Bodhisattva Path in Gandhāra: Edition of Fragment 4 and 11 from the Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts
Glaube auf Reisen: Als der Buddhismus nach China kam: Edition der ältesten bekannten Handschriften Indiens
The Bajaur Mahāyāna Sūtra: A Preliminary Analysis of Its Contents
Die Spreu vom Weizen trennen: Ein Gleichnis in buddhistischen Handschriften aus Gandhāra und Zentralasien
Fragments of a Gāndhārī Manuscript of the Pratyutpannabuddhasaṃmukhāvasthitasamādhisūtra (Studies in Gāndhārī Manuscripts 1)
Recto

01. (1A1) . . .

02. ṇa hakṣati · s[e a]palios̱eṇa margabhavaṇe hakṣadi [d]u[kho] + ? ? ? /// + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + (*tredhaduade viratasa virag̱aaṇuśa)‐​

03. [ś]‍(*e) citaṇe hakṣadi (1A2) citidasa viś̱adi pridi hakṣati viś̱adi śoa ṇa hakṣati trae [ca] (*durga)‍[di ṇa] hakṣati trae ca su[gadi] (*hakṣa)‍[ti] trae ca saparaïa mokṣa hakṣati trae [sadriṭhia]

04. ? ? trae sadriṭhia suha hakṣati [kaï]ac[e]d[a]s̱ia trae ca duha ṇa hakṣati trae ca śuha (*hakṣa)ti trae aśuha ṇa hakṣati trae ca kuś̱ala hakṣati trae akuś̱ala ṇa hakṣati

05. ⟪(*trae sapuruṣ̱a)‍[da]rśaṇa hakṣati budhapracea (*trae drugaṇa ṇa hakṣati ·) ? ? ? ? [ma]p[u]rvagama (*asapuruṣ̱a)⟫ (1A3) (*sarvadroaca ṇa) [ha]kṣati sarvasapati (*hakṣati) /// + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + (*ha)///[kṣa]ti · vado ṇidaṇa ca akuś̱ala paveṇa kara(*ṇeṇa ka)raṇe kuśale puña[kṣa]e ṇa hakṣa[d]i

06. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// [karaṇa] vaïśa[di bhavid]. [d]. /// + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

07. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// ○ (1B1) [ki hakṣadi] ? /// + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

08. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + (*va)///[i]śadi kuś̱ala ca karaṇa vaïśadi [tod]o [ca] .[u h]. ? r. [pa]l[i]os̱[e] · ṇa hakṣati [apalio]s̱(*e)‍[ṇa] (*ma)r[gabha]‐​

09. (*vaṇe hakṣadi dukho) + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// [tr]‍(*e)dhaduade viratasa vira[g̱]aaṇuśaśe citaṇe hakṣa[d]i (1B2) citidasa viś̱adi pridi

10. hakṣati viś̱adi śoa ṇa hakṣati trae ca durgadi ṇa hakṣati tra[e ca s]u(*gadi hakṣati tra)‍[e] ? /// + + + /// ? [t]i sad[r]iṭhia ca [trae suha] hakṣati trae dukha [ṇa] hakṣati [kaïa]ce‐​

11. das̱ia trae ca śuha hakṣati trae aśuha ṇa hakṣati trae kuśala hakṣa[ti trae] (*aku)ś̱ala ṇa hakṣati trae sapuruṣ̱a[d]arśaṇa hakṣati budhaprac(*e)a trae dru[ga]ṇa (*ṇa) [hakṣati]

12. (1B3) ya mama ta sakṣiteṇa sarvadroaca ṇa hakṣati sarvasapati hakṣati mokṣasuha ca ha(*kṣa)‍[di] ime aṇuśaśa hakṣati sarv[a]siha paricaïta ○ 1 (2) Gagaṇadivalias̱amal[o]g̱a‐​

13. (*dhadu) [ta]raṇia ⟪ṇisamartha⟫ [śaki] uadiaṇa [Gagaṇa]divalias̱amaloadhadu(*d)‍[u]‍(*ha vitre)‍[a śaki] (*u)‍[a]diaṇa [k]o varedi [pa] ? [pe] Gagaṇa[diva]lia[s̱amalo]adhadu ta⟪[ra]⟫ṇu[ia] śa[ki]

14. [pariceaṇa Gaga]⟨*ṇadi⟩[valias̱ama]loadhadus[u]ha vitrea śa[ki] paricea[ṇa] {[g̱a]} ko varedi ta [a r]o [pari]cata ṇa uadi ṇa u[a]daṇa [te sa]rve duhe aṇu[va]daṇa te sarva sapati mokṣasapati ca · [2]

15. (3) + + + + + + + /// ? + ? t[r]ibos̱a[e] ta asaṃkhe[dehi] ka[rp]e[h]i [pra]ña /// + + + + + + + /// ? [t]. ṇisamartho ya dukho ya sudiṇoamo ca prajahati ca se maha iś̱emi jadi paḍ̱hamac[i]tupa[de]

16. [ca vr]ud[e] prañaparamida ca paḍ̱iladha ṇis̱amartho ca dukho ca [su]di[ṇoa]mo [ca pariña] ? + ? [hi] mo + ? [pra]l[adhe] ? + + ? [ti] ṇi [p]a do [ṇa pra]oḍidave ? ? ? ? [ca] + ? + ? ?

17. varjidavo ca deśidavo ca ◦ 3 (4) yo aña bos̱is̱atva bos̱imaḍami lavheti sa mahi i(*ś̱e)‍[mi] dh[a]re[tr]ami ladhe ñaṇe ta ṇa suladh[a] me lavha ṇa ca praoḍ̱idave aha ta ki samo bos̱imaḍami

18. la[bhadi] samo añatra deś̱ehi1 ta vucadi samo mos̱imaḍaṇiṣ̱aṇa so so ya bos̱imaḍ[e] śuñ[e i]‍(*m)‍[e ca] (*a)ña ca deś̱a śuña · samo bos̱imaḍa dukhe ca ṇisamarthe ca same ime ca añe ca deś̱a tasva same

19. ya [ti ṇa] praoḍ̱idave ◦ 4 (5) khaḍaeṇa kavalaeṇa bhikṣiśe ṇagao ca hoita ṇa vaṇa imo (*ña)‍[ṇo praoḍ̱idave] (*dukh)‍[oñaṇo ca] (*ṇi)‍[s̱ama]r[tha]ñaṇo ca pra[capa]rami[do ca] par[i] ? ? [pra] ? ? +

20. ta [ki] hakṣati ◦ 4 1 (6) edeṇa dukhañaṇaṇisamarthañaṇeṇa sarve dukha u[ad]i[ṇae a]s̱ivas̱idae ha[kṣadi u]ekṣidae hakṣa[di] sarve suhe paricatae as̱ivasidae hakṣadi ta paraṇirvah[ido]

21. [lo]g̱ado cariśe aku[śa]l[o] varj[a]maṇa kuśalo [karamaṇa] + + [gar]e[ṇa b]‍(*u)‍[dha]dharm[a]sagh[o] puyamaṇa satvaṇ[a] ca a[r]tho ka[rama]ṇa dharm[e] ca edam io ṇis̱ama(*r)‍[tha]dukhañaṇo deś̱amaṇa

22. satva ya bos̱a praïṭha[vamaṇa] ṇaciri2 [v]e (*sa)r[va]sapati ca me [ha]‍(*kṣa)‍[di] sarvadroa[ca ca ṇa] hakṣadi atvahida ca parahida ca sarvas̱atvahida ca hakṣadi ◦ 4 2

23. (7) (7A1) ekadutracadurepaṃcaṣaha yava satahi aloehi yo ari[da] karae as̱atiade ca (*a)loṇeade ca yo praṇide ⟨*ka⟩rae ⟪ede uhae miṣ̱o⟫ suparibhaṣ̱idavo ca ya⟨*s̱a⟩bhudehi paribhaṣ̱ehi codidav[a ca]

24. [yas̱abhude]hi svadoṣ̱ehi svadroacehi varjidava ca [su]du[ro] adide vi [j]uhos̱idave pracu[pa]ṇae ṇa [a]‍(*hiva)didave aṇag̱ada ṇa [a] .[i] ? ? dave tri[koḍ]i kahati paribhaṣ̱idave codidave ca [vata]ve [dum]‍(*e) [uha]e

25. ta[va] (7A2a) triṇa sugadiṇa ṇaś̱e triṇa drogadiṇa [aharae] triṇa ⟪maje ṇis̱amarthe ·⟫ sapuruṣ̱aṇa ⟪budhaṇa⟫ ṇa[ś̱ae] triṇa as̱apur[uṣ̱]aṇa ⟪maje⟫ [a]‍(*hara)‍[e] triṇa mokṣaṇa ṇaś̱[ae] triṇa badhaṇaṇa aharae driṭhadhamio triṇa suhaṇa ṇaśa[e]3 triṇa d(*u)kh[aṇa]

26. aharae [tr]iṇa śuhaṇa ṇaś̱e triṇa aśuhaṇa [a]‍(*harae triṇa kuś̱a)‍[la]‍(*ṇa) ṇaś̱ee triṇa aku[śa]laṇa aharae (7A2b) triṇa (*jag̱ariaṇa ṇaś̱e)‍[a] triṇa mi(*dhaṇa) [aharea] triṇa la(*huṭ́haṇaṇa ṇaś̱)e[a]

27. triṇa alas̱iaṇa aharea triṇa [k]icaṇa ṇaś̱ea triṇa a[kicaṇa] (*a)‍[har]‍(*e)‍[a triṇa karmaṇa] (*ṇa)‍[ś̱e]‍(*a tr)‍[i]ṇa akarmaṇa aharea triṇa [śpr]iś̱aṇaṇa ṇaś̱ea (*triṇa aśpriś̱a)‍[ṇaṇa] aharea [triṇa arogaṇa]

28. ṇaś̱ea [triṇa] gelañaṇa aharea (7A3) ⟪maje ca ṇ(*i)s̱amarth(*e) purv[e] dukhe pac̄a dukhe [ma]‍(*je ca ṇi)‍[sa]marthe purve aśuha [pa]‍(*c̄a a)śuh[a] maja ṇisamartha sarvatra i[thu] kaṭave⟫ śeṣ̱ae patade hi vivaryaeṇa matra ca ida[ra] ca a[hi]‍(*va)‍[d]‍(*i)‍[dava ca] yas̱abhudaaṇuśaś[eṇa] ca aṇuśaśidava palaśpidava ca

Verso

01. (7B1) [ekadutra]cadurapa[ṃca]ṣa yava sata aloa aṇaride kerea · as̱atia ca a[loṇe]‍(*a) ca aṇari[de ke]rao [e]de tava uhae miṣo ahivadidava yas̱abhuda picara4 ahiva⟨*di⟩da[va]

02. codidava ca ś̱aṣ̱idava ca yas̱abhudehi svayaaṇuśaśehi svasapatihi palaśpidava + + ? /// + + + + + + + + + + + /// ḍ̱a cite upadidave pracupaṇe ca ṣaṣadaeṇa matro ca

03. idaro ca paribhujidave aṇag̱ad[e] ca [śpadi]mo [ahi]g̱a[kṣidave] ? ? + + [kara ṣ]. [d]. [ṣ]. [m]. /// + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + /// ? [ca] kahati ahivadidave kahati codidave

04. [vata]ve [du]me uhae · (7B2a) triṇa drogadiṇa ṇaś̱ea moyea triṇa sugadiṇa [aha]rea triṇa ⟪maj(*e) ca ṇis̱a(*marthe)⟫ [Kama]pra[muha]as̱apuru[ṣ̱a]ṇa ṇaś̱ea t[r]iṇa budhapramuhasapuruṣ̱aṇa aharea triṇa saṃsa[ra]‐​

05. {[ra]}badhaṇaṇa ṇaś̱ea triṇa mokṣaṇa [aharea · driṭhadhamia] triṇa d[u]‍(*kha)‍[ṇa] ṇaś̱ea triṇa suhaṇa [a]‍(*ha)‍[re]a · triṇa a[ś]‍(*uhaṇa) ṇaś̱ea triṇa śuhaṇa aharea triṇa akuś̱alaṇa ṇaś̱ea

06. [tri]ṇa kuś̱alaṇa aharea (7B2b) triṇa midhaṇa ṇaś̱ea triṇa jag̱ariaṇa aharea triṇa al[as̱i]‍(*a)ṇa ṇaś̱e[a] triṇa lahuṭ́haṇaṇa aharea triṇa ag̱icaṇa ṇaś̱ea

07. triṇa [ki]caṇa [aharea] triṇa [a]karmaṇa ṇaś̱ea triṇa karmaṇa aharea triṇa a[śpri]ś̱a[ṇaṇa] ṇaś̱ea triṇa [śpri]ś̱aṇaṇa aharea triṇa gelañaṇa ṇaś̱ea triṇa

08. arog̱aṇa aharea (7B3) sakṣite[ṇa] sadriṭhia saparaïa avarimaṇaṇa triṇa triṇa do(*ṣ̱aṇa ṇa)ś̱[e]a triṇa triṇa sapatiṇa aha[rea] (7C) (7C1.1) ? ? ? ? ? + ? [ithumi ohoro] satahi

09. arede kerea paribha[ṣi]da[v]‍(*e o)h[o]r[o] as̱atia al[o]ṇe[a]⟨*de⟩ [ari]de [ka]raï [pa]ribhaṣ̱idave ⟪codidave varjidave⟫ [◯] (7C1.2) ithumi ohoro satamatra5 aṇaride keraa

10. [as̱a]tia aloṇ[e]o [ca o]‍(*ho)ro aṇaride [ko] paribhaṣ̱idave codida[ve] palaśpidave (7C2.1) [ki] aṇuśa[śe] hakṣadi te satahi ⟪matra⟫ ar[i]da keraa aloṇea as̱atiade ⟪ca⟫ idarade arida [kere]‍(*a)

11. paribhaṭha ya codid[a] ca varjida ca a[kṣ]ati te śpabhavasa a[t]aras̱aïśati ṇa ca bhuyo upajiśa[ti ○] (7C2.2) te satamatra6 alo[a aṇari]‍(*da) [ke]rea aloṇea as̱atia idara aṇarid[a] k[e]rea aïvadida ca

12. c[o]dida ca palaśpada ca (7C3) [sa]dakalo p[aḍ̱itiṭ́ha] sati[dehi] ṣadasa aṇag̱ade ca to mi [u ju ca] .e [a] p. [ci] + [va] ? [pial]o i[th]u[mi] hu[ra]hu⟨*ro⟩ ekam ekasa kaṭave [ma]trasahoro · idarasahoro

Source: Schlosser 2016
SB (20181025); Schlosser 2016: añatradeś̱ehi
SB (20181025); Schlosser 2016: ṇa ciri
SB (20181025); Schlosser 2016: ṇaś̱̄a[e]
SB (20181025); Schlosser 2016: yas̱abhudapicara
SB (20181028); Schlosser 2016: sata matra
SB (20181028); Schlosser 2016: sata matra


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