Collection Senior Maintainer Published
Contents SĀS1 Parallels SN Scribes RSS1
Frame 5.1–2 Fragment 5 Other ID
Type Single sheet Date 140 Basis for date C14, inscription
Medium Birch bark Findspot Haḍḍa, Afghanistan ? Last known location University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Dimensions (cm) 27.6 × 26.8 Lines (r) 21 Lines (v) 21
Editions Allon 2001, 219; Salomon 2003.2; Glass 2006; Glass 2007 Other refs. Boucher 2004; Allon 2007.3, 9–10; Glass 2008.2; Norman 2008; Deeg 2010, 96–7; Salomon 2011.2, 182; Lǐ 2011; Fussman 2012; Lǐ 2012; Baums 2013, 21; Baums 2014.4, 184–6, 188, 190–1, 194; Allon 2014, 19; Anālayo 2014, 50; Tarzi+ 2015, 160; Jantrasrisalai+ 2016, 32–3; Salomon 2018, xviii–xx, xxiii
Comments Transcribed in meetings of the EBMP (2003). Updated for Glass 2006 (AG, 2006). Updated for Glass 2007 (AG, 2007).

Three Gāndhārī Ekottarikāgama‐Type Sūtras: British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments 12 and 14
The Senior Manuscripts: Another Collection of Gandhāran Buddhist Scrolls
Bulletin of the Asia Institute
Connected Discourses in Gandhāra: A Study, Edition, and Translation of Four Saṃyuktāgama‐Type Sūtras from the Senior Collection
Four Gāndhārī Saṃyuktāgama Sūtras: Senior Kharoṣṭhī Fragment 5
The Senior Manuscripts
Guṇabhadra, Bǎoyún, and the Saṃyuktāgama
Acta Orientalia
Why is the Buddha Riding on an Elephant? The Bodhisattva’s Conception and the Change of Motive
An Unwieldy Canon: Observations on Some Distinctive Features of Canon Formation in Buddhism
«sìbù Jiāntuó yǔ Zá’āhán jīng» chū tàn
Indo‐Iranian Journal
Further Inquiries into the Four Gāndhārī Samyuktāgama Sūtras (in the Senior Collection): Discussion Based on Four Gāndhārī Samyuktāgama Sūtras: Senior Kharoṣṭhī Fragment 5 by Andrew Glass
Die Schriftkultur Gandhāras
Gandhāran Scrolls: Rediscovering an Ancient Manuscript Type
The Senior Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts
The Dawn of Abhidharma
An Inscribed Bowl from Terrace 57 at Tape Šotor, Haḍḍa
Fragments of an Ekottarikāgama Manuscript in Gāndhārī
The Buddhist Literature of Ancient Gandhāra: An Introduction with Selected Translations
Recto

1. (A) kaḏara aśuas̱añasahagaḏas̱amas̱i iśe bhikhu rukṣa[mulag̱a]‍(*ḏa va śu)‍[ñaga]rag̱aḏa va abhoaśag̱aḏa va imam eva kaya yas̱aṭiḏ[e]

2. yas̱a­praṇihiḏ[e] udva paḏa­tala tvaya­payata asa keśa­mast(*aka pura ṇaṇa)­[p]‍(*ra)‍[k]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a)‍[s]‍(*a) [a]suyiṇ(*a) [p]‍(*a)‍[c]‍(*a)‍[ekṣ]‍(*a)‍[ḏi] ? [ḏi] + [.e a.]‍(*ma) ? [k]‍(*a)‍[yi k]‍(*e)‐​

3. śa loma ṇag̱a da⟨*ta⟩ raya jala tvaya chaḏi aṭi aṭi[mi]‍(*ja masa s̄aru broka yaḵaṇa) [hiḏ]‍(*aya) [kr]umao priao pa[śpru]s̱a atra atraguṇa guza uḏari

4. puriṣa aśu śpeḏa khaḍe śigaṇa pu[ya lohiḏ]‍(*a pita śileśpa meḏa vasa la)‍[s]‍(*i)‍[ḵ]ae masta mastal[ug̱]‍(*a) [ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pu]galas̱a jitas̱a

5. eka­graḏa avikṣev(*a) [a]‍(*ya) [v]ucaḏi aśua­s̱aña­sahag̱aḏa­[s]‍(*amas̱i (B) kada)‍[r]‍(*a) [m]‍(*a)raṇa­saña­s̱ahag̱aḏa­s̱amas̱i iśe bhikhu rukṣa­mu‐​

6. la­gaḏa va śuñagara­g̱aḏa va abhoaśa­g̱aḏa va iḏa [bha]ḍa + + + + + + [m]‍(*a)ri[śa]mi ṇa jira jiviśami javiśami mariśami atara‐​

7. {ra}s̱aïśama ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pugalas̱a jitas̱a eḵa­graḏa a[vi]‍(*kṣeva aya vuca)‍[di] maraṇa­[sa]ña­sahagaḏa­s̱amas̱i (C) kaḏara [a]hara paḍi[k]u‐​

8. la­s̱aña­s̱ahagaḏa­s̱amas̱i ahara vujaḏi oḏaṇa­k[u]ma[s̱a ta bhikh]‍(*u) + + + + + + + + + + (*pu)riṣa {a} ti avimucadi khaḍa ti avimucadi vata ti avimucadi

9. as̱uyi­puḏi­puḍua ti kala­mala ti avimucadi ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pug[al]‍(*as̱a jitas̱a eka­graḏa a)‍[vi]kṣeva aya vucaḏi ahara [paḍikula­saña­saha]gaḏa­s̱amas̱i

10. (D) (*ka)‍[ḏ]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a) sarva­loga a[ṇavi]ra⟨*ḏa⟩­saña­sahagaḏa­samas̱i iśe bhikhu gama [v]‍(*a drispa agama paśa)‍[ḏi] (*ṇa)‍[g]‍(*a)ra va drispa aṇagara paśaḏi [ja]ṇavaḏa va drispa ajaṇavaḏa paśaḏi

11. ukaṭaḏi parikasaḏi ṇa ramaḏi ṇa aviramaḏi so [to cito dameḏi] paridame[ḏi] (*rmado karo)ḏi kamaṇio so te cito damita paridamita rmaḏo karita kamaṇio

12. asa avareṇa samaeṇa arama­ramaṇea va drispa vaṇa­ramaṇea va drispa pukharaṇa­rama(*ṇ)‍[e]‍(*a va drispa ṇaḏi­ra)‍[ma]ṇea va drispa bhumi­ramaṇea va drispa [pra]vaḏa­ramaṇea va drispa ukaṭaḏi

13. parikas̱aḏi ṇa ramaḏi ṇa aviramaḏi s̱o te cite dameḏi paridame[ḏi rmaḏ]‍(*o karoḏi kamaṇio so te) cit[o] damita paradamita rma[ḏo] karita kamaṇio asa avareṇa s̱amae⟪ṇa⟫

14. iḏi utva as̱o tiḏa sarvaḏo sarvatra⟪ta⟫vi ukaṭaḏi parikas̱ati ṇa [r]‍(*amaḏi aviramaḏi ya) [t]‍(*a)s̱a­bhuḏas̱a pugalas̱a citas̱a eka­graḏa avikṣeva aya vucaḏi sarva‐​

14M. log̱e aṇ(*avi)‍[ra]ḏa­saña­[s̱ahagaḏi]­s̱amas̱i

15. (E) Śava[st]iṇiḏaṇe

16. (F) ya bhikṣave ṇa tuspahu ta praca{ja}as̱a ta prahiṇa hiḏae suhae bha[vi]‍(*śaḏi ki ca ṇa tuspah)‍[u r]uo ṇa tuspahu ta pajaas̱a ta prahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśa⟨*di⟩

17. vedaṇe saña sakhara viñaṇa ṇa tuspahu ta pacaas̱a ta (*prahiṇa h)‍[i]ḏae [su]hae bhaviśaḏi (G) sayas̱a vi yo himaspi Jeḏavaṇe

18. triṇa­ka[ṭha]­śaha­patra­palaśa ta jaṇe chidea va hare[a v]‍(*a dahea va yas̱a­pa)‍[c]‍(*e)‍[a] karea ta ki mañas̱a avi ṇ⟨*o⟩ tuspahu eḏam as̱a aspe eṣe

19. jaṇe chidaḏi va [h]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a)‍[ḏi] va dahaḏi va yas̱apacea kare ṇa [hi]‍(*ḏa bhate ta ki)‍[s]‍(*a) eḏ[u] ṇa eḏa bhate atva va atvaṇi[a] va (H) evam eva ya ṇa

20. tuspahu ta pacahas̱a ta pahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśa(*ḏ)‍[i] (*evam eva) hu ruo ṇa tuspahu ta pracaes̱a ta pahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśaḏi

21. vedaṇa saña s̱akhara viñaṇa ⟨*ṇa⟩ t[u]spahu ta pacahas̱a ta pra[h]‍(*iṇa hiḏae suha)‍[e] bhaviśaḏi iḏam eyi bhayava ◦

Verso

22. (I) Śava[st]iṇi

23. (J) ṣadhasa bhikṣave kul[a]putras̱a ṣadha aḵaraspa[ṇag]‍(*aria parva)‍[j]‍(*i)‍[ḏas̱a aya] aṇudharma bhodi [ya] ruo ṇivriḏa­bahulo

24. viharea veḏaṇa­saña­sakhara­vi[ña]ṇe ṇi[vri]‍(*ḏa­bahulo vi)‍[ha]rea (K) so ruo ṇivriḏa­bah[u]le viharate ruo pariyaṇa[d]i

25. [veḏ]‍(*a)‍[ṇe sañe s̱]‍(*a)‍[kh]‍(*a)‍[re v]‍(*i)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*e) [ṇ]‍(*iv)‍[r]‍(*iḏa­bahulo viharate vi)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a) pariyaṇaḏi (L) so rua pariyaṇo veḏa[ṇ]‍(*a)­[s]‍(*a)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‐​

26. sakhara­viñaṇa pariyaṇa parimucaḏi r[u]‍(*aspa pari)‍[muc]‍(*a)ḏi veḏaṇa saña sakhare parimucaḏi viñaṇas̱a parimu[c]‍(*aḏi)

27. jaḏi­jara­viasi­[mar]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a)s(*pa) śoḵa­paridev(*a­dukha­domaṇasta)­[u]ayas̱a parimucaḏi dukhaspa ḏi vaḏemi hiḏam e[yi]

27M. bhayava

28. (M) bhayava Śavasti v(*i)hara⟨*di⟩

29. (N) jaṇasa bhikṣave paśas̱a asavaṇa kṣao vaḏemi ṇa [a]‍(*jaṇaḏa ṇa apa)‍[śa]ḏa kas̱a jaṇaḏa kas̱a paśaḏa asavaṇa kṣaya vaḏemi [s]‍(*a)‍[y]‍(*a)‍[siḏ]‍(*a)

30. aya ruo aya ruasa s̱amuḏaa aya ru[as]‍(*a astag̱amo aya) [v]‍(*eḏa)‍[ṇ]o [a]ya sañe aya s̱akhar[e] aya viñaṇo aya viña‐​

31. ṇasa samuḏae [a]ya viñaṇas̱a astag̱a(*mo eva jaṇaḏa) [eva] paśaḏa asavaṇa kṣaya vaḏemi (O) asa o añeare

32. bhikhu bhayavata eḏaḏ [o]ya eva jaṇa[ḏ]‍(*a) [ev]‍(*a pa)‍[ś]‍(*a)‍[da] as̱avaṇa kṣaya vaḏes̱i as̱a ki[spi] iśe eg̱acaṇa bhikhuṇa

33. ṇa aṇuaḏehi as̱avehi jita vimucaḏi abha[vi]‍(*ḏatva tas̱a vaca)‍[ṇ]io kis̱a abhaviḏatva ⟪abha[viḏa]⟫⟨*tva⟩ ⟪kuśalaṇa [dharmaṇa kaḏareṣe kuśalaṇa dha]‍(*r)‍[m]‍(*aṇa)⟫ abhaviḏatva caḏoṇa spaḏoṭ́haṇa‐​

34. ṇa caḏoṇa samepas̱aṇaṇa caḏoṇa hirdha(*ü)‍[p]‍(*aḏaṇa caḏoṇa ja)‍[ṇaṇa] pacaṇa hidriaṇa pacaṇa balaṇa sataṇa bejagaṇa

35. ariasa aṭhagiasa mag̱as̱a abhaviḏatva [i]‍(*meṣa kuśa)‍[l]‍(*a)ṇa dharmaṇa (P) bhavaṇaṇuyoḵa a⟪ṇa⟫ṇuyu[t]as̱a bhikhusa viha‐​

36. raḏe ki cavi s̱[e] eve iche [u]pajea aho [vaḏa m]‍(*e aṇu)‍[a]ḏehi as̱avehi jite vimucea as̱a ḏasa ⟪ṇo⟫ ṇa aṇua[ḏe]

37. asave jita vimucadi ta kis̱a eḏu abha[vi]‍(*ḏatva tas̱a vacaṇ)‍[io] kis̱a abhaviḏatva abhaviḏatva kuśalaṇa dharma‐​

38. ṇa kaḏareṣe kuśalaṇa dharmaṇa abhaviḏa[tv]‍(*a caḏoṇa spaḏoṭ́ha)ṇaṇa caḏoṇa s̱ame­pas̱aṇaṇa caḏoṇa hirdhaüpaḏaṇa

39. cadoṇa jaṇaṇa pacaṇa idriaṇa pacaṇa ba[l]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a sataṇa bej­a)gaṇa ariasa aṭhag̱ias̱a mag̱a[s̱]a {a} abhaviḏatva [i]‐​

40. meṣa kuśalaṇa dharmaṇa (Q) s̱ayas̱a vi kuku[ḍ]‍(*ia aḍagaṇi a)‍[ṭh]‍(*a) va daśa va [baḏa]śa va taṇi s̱a amae kukuḍia maṇa

41. aḍag̱aṇ[i] ṇa kaliṇa kalo same aviśa(*ïḏaṇa ṇa kaliṇa) [k]‍(*a)‍[la] same pariśpeiḏaṇa

42. ṇa kaliṇa kale same paribhaviḏaṇa

Source: Glass 2007


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