Collection Senior Maintainer Published
Contents SĀS1 Parallels SN Scribes RSS1
Frame 5.1–2 Fragment 5 Other ID
Type Single sheet Date 140 Basis for date C14, inscription
Medium Birch bark Findspot Haḍḍa, Afghanistan ? Last known location University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Dimensions (cm) 27.6 × 26.8 Lines (r) 21 Lines (v) 21
Editions Salomon 2003.2; Glass 2006; Glass 2007 Other refs. Boucher 2004; Allon 2007.3, 9–10; Norman 2008; Glass 2008.2; Deeg 2010, 96–7; Salomon 2011.2, 182; Lǐ 2011; Lǐ 2012; Fussman 2012; Baums 2013, 21; Allon 2014, 19; Anālayo 2014, 50; Baums 2014.4, 184–6, 188, 190–1, 194; Tarzi+ 2015, 160; Jantrasrisalai+ 2016, 32–3
Comments Transcribed in meetings of the EBMP (2003). Updated for Glass 2006 (AG, 2006). Updated for Glass 2007 (AG, 2007).

The Senior Manuscripts: Another Collection of Gandhāran Buddhist Scrolls
Bulletin of the Asia Institute
Connected Discourses in Gandhāra: A Study, Edition, and Translation of Four Saṃyuktāgama‐Type Sūtras from the Senior Collection
The Senior Manuscripts
Four Gāndhārī Saṃyuktāgama Sūtras: Senior Kharoṣṭhī Fragment 5
Acta Orientalia
Guṇabhadra, Bǎoyún, and the Saṃyuktāgama
Why is the Buddha Riding on an Elephant? The Bodhisattva’s Conception and the Change of Motive
An Unwieldy Canon: Observations on Some Distinctive Features of Canon Formation in Buddhism
«Sǐbù Jiāntuó yǔ Zá āhán jīng» chū tàn
Further Inquiries into the Four Gāndhārī Samyuktāgama Sūtras (in the Senior Collection): Discussion Based on Four Gāndhārī Samyuktāgama Sūtras: Senior Kharoṣṭhī Fragment 5 by Andrew Glass
Indo‐Iranian Journal
Die Schriftkultur Gandhāras
The Senior Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts
The Dawn of Abhidharma
Gandhāran Scrolls: Rediscovering an Ancient Manuscript Type
An Inscribed Bowl from Terrace 57 at Tape Šotor, Haḍḍa
Fragments of an Ekottarikāgama Manuscript in Gāndhārī
Recto

1. (A) kaḏara aśuas̱añasahagaḏas̱amas̱i iśe bhikhu rukṣa[mulag̱a]‍(*ḏa va śu)‍[ñaga]rag̱aḏa va abhoaśag̱aḏa va imam eva kaya yas̱aṭiḏ[e]

2. yas̱a­praṇihiḏ[e] udva paḏa­tala tvaya­payata asa keśa­mast(*aka pura ṇaṇa)­[p]‍(*ra)‍[k]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a)‍[s]‍(*a) [a]suyiṇ(*a) [p]‍(*a)‍[c]‍(*a)‍[ekṣ]‍(*a)‍[ḏi] ? [ḏi] + [.e a.]‍(*ma) ? [k]‍(*a)‍[yi k]‍(*e)‐​

3. śa loma ṇag̱a da⟨*ta⟩ raya jala tvaya chaḏi aṭi aṭi[mi]‍(*ja masa s̄aru broka yaḵaṇa) [hiḏ]‍(*aya) [kr]umao priao pa[śpru]s̱a atra atraguṇa guza uḏari

4. puriṣa aśu śpeḏa khaḍe śigaṇa pu[ya lohiḏ]‍(*a pita śileśpa meḏa vasa la)‍[s]‍(*i)‍[ḵ]ae masta mastal[ug̱]‍(*a) [ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pu]galas̱a jitas̱a

5. eka­graḏa avikṣev(*a) [a]‍(*ya) [v]ucaḏi aśua­s̱aña­sahag̱aḏa­[s]‍(*amas̱i (B) kada)‍[r]‍(*a) [m]‍(*a)raṇa­saña­s̱ahag̱aḏa­s̱amas̱i iśe bhikhu rukṣa­mu‐​

6. la­gaḏa va śuñagara­g̱aḏa va abhoaśa­g̱aḏa va iḏa [bha]ḍa + + + + + + [m]‍(*a)ri[śa]mi ṇa jira jiviśami javiśami mariśami atara‐​

7. {ra}s̱aïśama ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pugalas̱a jitas̱a eḵa­graḏa a[vi]‍(*kṣeva aya vuca)‍[di] maraṇa­[sa]ña­sahagaḏa­s̱amas̱i (C) kaḏara [a]hara paḍi[k]u‐​

8. la­s̱aña­s̱ahagaḏa­s̱amas̱i ahara vujaḏi oḏaṇa­k[u]ma[s̱a ta bhikh]‍(*u) + + + + + + + + + + (*pu)riṣa {a} ti avimucadi khaḍa ti avimucadi vata ti avimucadi

9. as̱uyi­puḏi­puḍua ti kala­mala ti avimucadi ya tas̱a­bhuḏas̱a pug[al]‍(*as̱a jitas̱a eka­graḏa a)‍[vi]kṣeva aya vucaḏi ahara [paḍikula­saña­saha]gaḏa­s̱amas̱i

10. (D) (*ka)‍[ḏ]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a) sarva­loga a[ṇavi]ra⟨*ḏa⟩­saña­sahagaḏa­samas̱i iśe bhikhu gama [v]‍(*a drispa agama paśa)‍[ḏi] (*ṇa)‍[g]‍(*a)ra va drispa aṇagara paśaḏi [ja]ṇavaḏa va drispa ajaṇavaḏa paśaḏi

11. ukaṭaḏi parikasaḏi ṇa ramaḏi ṇa aviramaḏi so [to cito dameḏi] paridame[ḏi] (*rmado karo)ḏi kamaṇio so te cito damita paridamita rmaḏo karita kamaṇio

12. asa avareṇa samaeṇa arama­ramaṇea va drispa vaṇa­ramaṇea va drispa pukharaṇa­rama(*ṇ)‍[e]‍(*a va drispa ṇaḏi­ra)‍[ma]ṇea va drispa bhumi­ramaṇea va drispa [pra]vaḏa­ramaṇea va drispa ukaṭaḏi

13. parikas̱aḏi ṇa ramaḏi ṇa aviramaḏi s̱o te cite dameḏi paridame[ḏi rmaḏ]‍(*o karoḏi kamaṇio so te) cit[o] damita paradamita rma[ḏo] karita kamaṇio asa avareṇa s̱amae⟪ṇa⟫

14. iḏi utva as̱o tiḏa sarvaḏo sarvatra⟪ta⟫vi ukaṭaḏi parikas̱ati ṇa [r]‍(*amaḏi aviramaḏi ya) [t]‍(*a)s̱a­bhuḏas̱a pugalas̱a citas̱a eka­graḏa avikṣeva aya vucaḏi sarva‐​

14M. log̱e aṇ(*avi)‍[ra]ḏa­saña­[s̱ahagaḏi]­s̱amas̱i

15. (E) Śava[st]iṇiḏaṇe

16. (F) ya bhikṣave ṇa tuspahu ta praca{ja}as̱a ta prahiṇa hiḏae suhae bha[vi]‍(*śaḏi ki ca ṇa tuspah)‍[u r]uo ṇa tuspahu ta pajaas̱a ta prahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśa⟨*di⟩

17. vedaṇe saña sakhara viñaṇa ṇa tuspahu ta pacaas̱a ta (*prahiṇa h)‍[i]ḏae [su]hae bhaviśaḏi (G) sayas̱a vi yo himaspi Jeḏavaṇe

18. triṇa­ka[ṭha]­śaha­patra­palaśa ta jaṇe chidea va hare[a v]‍(*a dahea va yas̱a­pa)‍[c]‍(*e)‍[a] karea ta ki mañas̱a avi ṇ⟨*o⟩ tuspahu eḏam as̱a aspe eṣe

19. jaṇe chidaḏi va [h]‍(*a)‍[r]‍(*a)‍[ḏi] va dahaḏi va yas̱apacea kare ṇa [hi]‍(*ḏa bhate ta ki)‍[s]‍(*a) eḏ[u] ṇa eḏa bhate atva va atvaṇi[a] va (H) evam eva ya ṇa

20. tuspahu ta pacahas̱a ta pahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśa(*ḏ)‍[i] (*evam eva) hu ruo ṇa tuspahu ta pracaes̱a ta pahiṇa hiḏae suhae bhaviśaḏi

21. vedaṇa saña s̱akhara viñaṇa ⟨*ṇa⟩ t[u]spahu ta pacahas̱a ta pra[h]‍(*iṇa hiḏae suha)‍[e] bhaviśaḏi iḏam eyi bhayava ◦

Verso

22. (I) Śava[st]iṇi

23. (J) ṣadhasa bhikṣave kul[a]putras̱a ṣadha aḵaraspa[ṇag]‍(*aria parva)‍[j]‍(*i)‍[ḏas̱a aya] aṇudharma bhodi [ya] ruo ṇivriḏa­bahulo

24. viharea veḏaṇa­saña­sakhara­vi[ña]ṇe ṇi[vri]‍(*ḏa­bahulo vi)‍[ha]rea (K) so ruo ṇivriḏa­bah[u]le viharate ruo pariyaṇa[d]i

25. [veḏ]‍(*a)‍[ṇe sañe s̱]‍(*a)‍[kh]‍(*a)‍[re v]‍(*i)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*e) [ṇ]‍(*iv)‍[r]‍(*iḏa­bahulo viharate vi)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a) pariyaṇaḏi (L) so rua pariyaṇo veḏa[ṇ]‍(*a)­[s]‍(*a)‍[ñ]‍(*a)‐​

26. sakhara­viñaṇa pariyaṇa parimucaḏi r[u]‍(*aspa pari)‍[muc]‍(*a)ḏi veḏaṇa saña sakhare parimucaḏi viñaṇas̱a parimu[c]‍(*aḏi)

27. jaḏi­jara­viasi­[mar]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a)s(*pa) śoḵa­paridev(*a­dukha­domaṇasta)­[u]ayas̱a parimucaḏi dukhaspa ḏi vaḏemi hiḏam e[yi]

27M. bhayava

28. (M) bhayava Śavasti v(*i)hara⟨*di⟩

29. (N) jaṇasa bhikṣave paśas̱a asavaṇa kṣao vaḏemi ṇa [a]‍(*jaṇaḏa ṇa apa)‍[śa]ḏa kas̱a jaṇaḏa kas̱a paśaḏa asavaṇa kṣaya vaḏemi [s]‍(*a)‍[y]‍(*a)‍[siḏ]‍(*a)

30. aya ruo aya ruasa s̱amuḏaa aya ru[as]‍(*a astag̱amo aya) [v]‍(*eḏa)‍[ṇ]o [a]ya sañe aya s̱akhar[e] aya viñaṇo aya viña‐​

31. ṇasa samuḏae [a]ya viñaṇas̱a astag̱a(*mo eva jaṇaḏa) [eva] paśaḏa asavaṇa kṣaya vaḏemi (O) asa o añeare

32. bhikhu bhayavata eḏaḏ [o]ya eva jaṇa[ḏ]‍(*a) [ev]‍(*a pa)‍[ś]‍(*a)‍[da] as̱avaṇa kṣaya vaḏes̱i as̱a ki[spi] iśe eg̱acaṇa bhikhuṇa

33. ṇa aṇuaḏehi as̱avehi jita vimucaḏi abha[vi]‍(*ḏatva tas̱a vaca)‍[ṇ]io kis̱a abhaviḏatva ⟪abha[viḏa]⟫⟨*tva⟩ ⟪kuśalaṇa [dharmaṇa kaḏareṣe kuśalaṇa dha]‍(*r)‍[m]‍(*aṇa)⟫ abhaviḏatva caḏoṇa spaḏoṭ́haṇa‐​

34. ṇa caḏoṇa samepas̱aṇaṇa caḏoṇa hirdha(*ü)‍[p]‍(*aḏaṇa caḏoṇa ja)‍[ṇaṇa] pacaṇa hidriaṇa pacaṇa balaṇa sataṇa bejagaṇa

35. ariasa aṭhagiasa mag̱as̱a abhaviḏatva [i]‍(*meṣa kuśa)‍[l]‍(*a)ṇa dharmaṇa (P) bhavaṇaṇuyoḵa a⟪ṇa⟫ṇuyu[t]as̱a bhikhusa viha‐​

36. raḏe ki cavi s̱[e] eve iche [u]pajea aho [vaḏa m]‍(*e aṇu)‍[a]ḏehi as̱avehi jite vimucea as̱a ḏasa ⟪ṇo⟫ ṇa aṇua[ḏe]

37. asave jita vimucadi ta kis̱a eḏu abha[vi]‍(*ḏatva tas̱a vacaṇ)‍[io] kis̱a abhaviḏatva abhaviḏatva kuśalaṇa dharma‐​

38. ṇa kaḏareṣe kuśalaṇa dharmaṇa abhaviḏa[tv]‍(*a caḏoṇa spaḏoṭ́ha)ṇaṇa caḏoṇa s̱ame­pas̱aṇaṇa caḏoṇa hirdhaüpaḏaṇa

39. cadoṇa jaṇaṇa pacaṇa idriaṇa pacaṇa ba[l]‍(*a)‍[ṇ]‍(*a sataṇa bej­a)gaṇa ariasa aṭhag̱ias̱a mag̱a[s̱]a {a} abhaviḏatva [i]‐​

40. meṣa kuśalaṇa dharmaṇa (Q) s̱ayas̱a vi kuku[ḍ]‍(*ia aḍagaṇi a)‍[ṭh]‍(*a) va daśa va [baḏa]śa va taṇi s̱a amae kukuḍia maṇa

41. aḍag̱aṇ[i] ṇa kaliṇa kalo same aviśa(*ïḏaṇa ṇa kaliṇa) [k]‍(*a)‍[la] same pariśpeiḏaṇa

42. ṇa kaliṇa kale same paribhaviḏaṇa

Source: Glass 2007


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