Collection British Library Maintainer Published
Contents AvL5, EĀL Parallels Scribes BLS01, BLS02
Frame 24–5 Fragment 12 Other ID J6.1
Type Long scroll Date 1‒100 Basis for date internal, paleography
Medium Birch bark Findspot Haḍḍa, Afghanistan ? Last known location British Library, London, United Kingdom
Dimensions (cm) 16.5 × 57 Lines (r) 55 Lines (v) 22
Editions Salomon 1999, 24–6; Allon 2001, 120–300, 303–6; Lenz 2004, 200–7, 209–11; Allon 2009, 16; Lenz 2014, 51 Other refs. Allon+ 2000, 256; DeCaroli 2004, 13–4, 191; Deeg 2010, 96–7; Neelis 2011, 77; Baums 2014.4, 184, 186, 190, 193–7, 199–200, 205–6; Jantrasrisalai+ 2016, 4–5
Comments First text (Ekottarikā sūtras) based on Allon 2001 (AG). Edition of second text (avadānas) in progress by Timothy Lenz and Jason Neelis. Updated for Allon 2009 (SB, 2014-01-08). Updated for Lenz 2014 (AG, 2014-03-08).

See also: CKM 16

Ancient Buddhist Scrolls from Gandhāra: The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments
Kharoṣṭhī Fragments of a Gāndhārī Version of the Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra
Three Gāndhārī Ekottarikāgama‐Type Sūtras: British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments 12 and 14
Haunting the Buddha: Indian Popular Religions and the Formation of Buddhism
Once upon a Present Time: An Avadānist from Gandhāra
A Gāndhārī Version of the Story of the Merchants Tapussa and Bhallika
Why is the Buddha Riding on an Elephant? The Bodhisattva’s Conception and the Change of Motive
Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange within and beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia
Gandhāran Scrolls: Rediscovering an Ancient Manuscript Type
The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments: Behind the Birch Bark Curtain
Fragments of an Ekottarikāgama Manuscript in Gāndhārī
Recto

1. (A1) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ta s. ?

2. (*ho)ṭo magh(*e)ṇa ghatva ma[ghade] abhi[kra]mi ◦ a[ña]‍(*daro) [r]okṣ(*a)­mul(*o ṇiṣae ṇiṣaṇo diva)‐​

3. [sa vi]hari ◦ teṇa ceva samaeṇa Dhoṇo ṇama bramaṇo to magho (*pradivaṇo bhavadi ◦ adhrekṣi)

4. Dhoṇe bramaṇe bhayavadu padeṣu cakra ◦ sahasahara [s]‍(*aṇemia saṇabhia)

5. sava­rova­ghada ◦ aceata prabh(*a)‍[śpa]ra [◦ bha]yavadu p(*ad)‍[e]‍(*ṣu cakra) + + +

6. hoṭo magheṇa ghatva magha[de abhi]k[r]ami añadaro rokṣa­mulo ṇiṣa[e] (*ṇiṣaṇe ◦ prasadiu)

7. (*prasada)ṇi śatidhri śata­maṇa[sa ◦ utama­da]masa­śamasa­p[r]atu ◦ p[a]r[ama]­(*damasa­śamasa)‐​

8. (*pratu)1 [gh]u[t]u [vu]didhrio ṇasu rada ṇam i[va] ◦ achu aṇa[vela v]ip(*ra)‍[sa]ṇ(*a) [◦] + + + (*dhriśpaṇa yeṇa)

9. (*bha)yavadu teṇa uasakrami uasakramita bhaya[vad]u egha[d u]‍(*ya ◦ de)‍[ve bhu bha]‍(*vi)‍[śasi ṇa]‍(*ho) bra[ma]ṇ(*a) d(*e)‐​

10. ve bhaviśe ◦ ghadhrarvo bhu bhaviśa[s]i ṇaho bramaṇa [gha]dharvo bhaviśe ◦ yakṣu [bhu bhavi]‍(*śasi ṇaho bra)‐​

11. maṇa yakṣu bhaviśe ◦ maṇośu bhu bhaviśasi ṇaho bramaṇa maṇośu bhaviśe [◦] (*deve bhu bhavi)‐​

12. (*śa)si idi proṭhu samaṇa ema vadesi ṇaho bramaṇa dev[e bhaviśe] ◦ gh[a]dh[arvo] bhu bhaviśa[si] (*i)‐​

13. di p[r]oṭhu samaṇa ema vadesi ṇaho bramaṇa ghadharvo bhaviśe ◦ ya[kṣ]‍(*u bhu bha)‍[vi]śasi idi proṭh[u sama]‍(*ṇa)

14. ema vadesi ṇaho bramaṇa yakṣ(*u) bhaviśe [◦] maṇośu bhu bhaviśasi [idi] proṭhu samaṇa [e]‍(*ma va)‐​

15. (*de)s(*i) ṇaho bramaṇa maṇośu bhaviśe ku re bhu bhaviśasi budho mi b[r]amaṇa budho [mi] + + + (*ida)‐​

16. m u bhayavadu ida vadita sugha[du] hasavaro idam a[va]ï ś[astu ◦] (A2) (1a) (*devo u)‍[avati] yeṇa (1b) (*ghadharvo)

17. va dihaghama ◦ (1c) {[ma]} yakṣatu yeṇa [ghache (1d) maṇo]śata [ba abaji] ◦ (1e) (*ede mi asava)

18. kṣiṇa (1f) virbhasta bhiriḍi­ghama ◦ (2a) pu[ḍario yasa phulo] (2b) (*to)‍[yo ṇ]‍(*a ualipadi) [◦] (2c) eva [lo]‐​

19. ghu alitu śpi (2d) taśpi budho mi brama[ṇa] (*◦) (3a) [a]bhiñae abhiñehi (3b) bhavidavu [pi] bh(*a)‍[vi]‍(*du ◦)

20. (3c) prahadavu prahiṇo mi (3d) sarvañu sa[rva­daśa]vi (3e) taśpi budho [mi bramaṇa] (*◦) (A3) (*abhikatu)

21. bhu Ghodama abhikatu ◦ suyasa vi [bhu] Ghudama ṇiujidu ukuje ◦ paḍ(*i)chaṇo a viv(*are ◦)

22. muḍhasa va maghu praghaśe ? ◦ [adhagha]ro [a]l[oka va] ⟨*dharae⟩ ◦ ya[va]d eva cakṣu(*a)tu ruaṇa dhrekṣatu ◦

23. [eva]m eva ṣamaṇeṇa Gho[da]meṇa krirṇo śukro dharmu akhade vivaḍe [sa]praghaśi[d]e (*◦ eṣaho)

24. ṣamaṇo Ghudamu śaraṇo ghachami dhama ca bhikhusagha ca ◦ u(*asaghu) [mi ṣa]ma(*ṇe Ghuda)‐​

25. [me] dharedu ajavaghreṇa yavajivu praṇo­uviade śaraṇo ⟨*ghade⟩ abhiprasaṇe ◦ [i]‍(*dam u) ⟨*bhayavadu⟩ (*atamaṇo)

26. Dhoṇe bramaṇe bhayavade{bha}ṇa bhaṣido abhiṇadi ○ (B) eva me [rśoda eka] (*samaya ◦) bhaya[va]‐​

27. du Śavastie viharadi Jedavaṇo Aṇasapiḍiasa aramu ◦ ta[tra] ya bha[ya]‍(*va)‍[du] bhi(*khu a)‐​

28. matredi te bhikhu bhayavadu pracarśoṣu ◦ bha[ya]va[ṣu] egha[d uya ◦ su]‍(*karo bhi)‐​

29. kṣave budhabayaṇo ta tu paḍideṇa [ṇa] baleṇa ◦ sato kamatu [ghacha]teṇa ṇa sukaro ka(*tu ◦)

30. budhabayaṇa ta bhikṣave ghachateṇa s[u]karo katu ta tu paḍideṇa ṇa bal[eṇa] ◦ [sa]‍(*to ka)‐​

31. matu ṭ́hideṇa ṇa sukaro katu ◦ budhabayaṇa ta bhikṣave [ṭ́hide]ṇa s(*u)k(*a)ro k(*atu ta)

32. to [pa]ḍideṇa ṇa baleṇa ◦ satu kama[t]u ṇiṣaṇeṇa ṇa sukaro kat(*u) ◦

33. budhabayaṇa ta bhikṣave ◦ ṇiṣaṇeṇa sukaro katu ta tu paḍide(*ṇa ṇa baleṇa ◦)

34. sato kamato śeaṇeṇa jaghara[du] ṇa sukaro kato ◦ budhabayaṇa [ta] (*bhikṣave śe)‐​

35. aṇeṇa jagharadu sukaro kato ◦ ta [tu] paḍideṇa ṇa [ba]l(*e)ṇa ◦ sukar(*u bhikṣave)

36. budhabayaṇo ta tu paḍideṇa ṇa ba[le]ṇa ◦ idam u ⟨*bhayavadu⟩ atamaṇa te bhi[kh]‍(*u bhayavadeṇa bhaṣido)

37. (*a)bhiṇadi ○ (C1) eva me rśodu eka sama[ya ◦] bhaya⟨*va⟩du Śavastie viharadi [Jedavaṇ]‍(*o Aṇasapi)‐​

38. ḍiasa aramu ◦ tatra ya bhayavadu bhikhu amat[r]edi ⟨*te⟩ bhikhu (*bhayavadu pracarśoṣu ◦ bhayavadu)

39. eghad oya ◦ catvarime bhikṣave pra[sa]ṇa ◦ sat[u] savijamaṇa [lo]gha[śpi ◦] (*kadara catvari ◦)

40. sabara­prasaṇe aṇorakṣaṇa­prasa[ṇe] bhavaṇa­prasaṇ[o ◦ pra]saṇa­prasa[ṇo] ◦ (C2) ka[da]‍(*ra bhikṣave sa)‐​

41. bara­prasaṇe ◦ aï bhikṣave bhikhu cakṣ[u]ṇa [r]u[v]o [dh]r[iśpa]ṇa ◦ ṇa ṇ[i]miti­ghra[he] (*bhavadi ◦ ṇa aṇo)‐​

42. vejaṇa­ghrahi ◦ yavad eva [asi]araṇa[m e]‍(*va ◦) cakṣi[dhri asabro]du viharad[i] ◦ abhija domaṇastu pavea a­ku(*śala dha)‐​

43. rma ◦ citam arśaveti ◦ ta[da saba]ra[e pra]divajad[i] rakṣadi cakṣidhri ◦ cakṣidhri sa[ba]‍(*ram a)‐​

44. [va]jadi ◦ ṣudeṇa chado ṣutvaṇa ṇa ṇimiti­ghrahe bhavadi ◦ ṇa aṇo[ve]jaṇa­ghra(*hi ◦ yavad e)‐​

45. va asiaraṇam eva ◦ sudidhri asabrodu viharadi ◦ [a]bhi[ja do]maṇastu [pa]‍(*vea akuśala dha)‐​

46. rma ◦ citam arśaveti ◦ tada sabarae pradivajadi rakṣadi sudidhri s[u]‍(*didhri sabaram avaja)‐​

47. di ◦ ghaṇeṇa ghadhro gha(*ï)ta ṇa ṇimiti­ghrahe bhavadi ṇa aṇovejaṇa­[ghra]‍(*hi ◦ yavad eva)

48. asiaraṇam eva ◦ ghaṇidhri asabro[d]u viharadi ◦ abhija doma(*ṇa)stu [pavea a­k]‍(*uśala)

49. dharma ◦ citam arśaveti ◦ tada sabarae pradivajadi rakṣadi (*ghaṇidhri) [◦]

50. ghaṇidhri sabaram avajadi ◦ ji[bha] rasu [śpa]‍(*y)i[ta ṇa ṇimiti]­ghrahe bhavadi (*◦ ṇa aṇove)‐​

51. jaṇa­ghrahi ◦ yavad eva asiaraṇam eva ◦ jibhidhri asabrodo viharadi (*◦ abhija do)‐​

52. maṇastu pavea a­kuśala dharma ◦ citam arśaveti ◦ tada saba[ra]e (*pradivajadi)

53. rakṣadi ji[bhi]dhri ◦ ji[bhi]dhri sabaram avajadi ◦

54. kayeṇa proṭhabu phuṣita ṇa ṇimiti­ghrahe bhavadi ṇa aṇo[ve]‍(*jaṇa­ghrahi ◦ yavad e)‐​

55. va asiaraṇam eva kayidhri asabrodo viharadi ◦ abhija domaṇastu [pa]‍(*vea a­kuśa)‐​

56. la dharma ◦ citam arśaveti ◦ tada sabarae pradivajadi rakṣadi kayi[dh]‍(*ri ◦ kayidhri)

57. savaram avajadi ◦ maṇase dharmu añadu ṇa ṇimiti­ghrahe bhavadi ṇa [a]‍(*ṇovejaṇa­ghrahi ◦)

58. yavad eva asiaraṇam eva maṇidh(*r)i asabrodu viharadi ◦ abh[i]‍(*ja domaṇastu pavea a­ku)‐​

59. śala dharma citam arśa[veti ◦] tada sabarae pradivajadi ◦ rakṣadi ma(*ṇidhri ◦ maṇi)‐​

60. dhri sabaram avajadi ◦ aï bucadi sabara­prasaṇo ◦ (C3) kadara bhikṣave [a]‍(*ṇorakṣaṇa­prasa)‐​

61. ṇe ◦ {a} aï bhikṣave bhikhuṇa añadara añadara samas[i]­ṇimi[ti] (*sughrahido) + + +

62. bhavadi ◦ sa­yasavi viṇilaü v[i]puao a ◦ aṭ́hi­saña [va] p(*uḍavayasaña va) + + +

63. tae aṇorakṣa[e] sapadedi idi vucadi aṇorakṣaṇa­prasaṇo ◦ (C4) [ka]‍(*dara bhikṣave bha)‐​

64. vaṇa­prasaṇe ◦ aï bhikṣave bhikhu śpadi­sabujaghu bhavedi ◦ [vi]‍(*vea­ṇiṣide vi)‐​

65. ragha­ṇiṣide ◦ ṇirusa­ṇiṣide vivasagha­pariṇame ◦ dharma­vie­[sa]‍(*bujaghu bha)‐​

66. vedi ◦ vivea­ṇiṣide viragha­ṇiṣide ◦ ṇirusa­ṇiṣide vivasagha­(*pariṇame ◦ vi)‐​

67. ria­sabujaghu bhavedi vivea­ṇiṣid⟨*a⟩ ◦ viragha­ṇiṣide ṇirusa­ṇi[ṣid]‍(*e vivasagha)­‐​

68. pariṇamu ◦ [pridi­sabujaghu bhave]di [vivea­ṇiṣide vira]gha­ṇiṣide [ṇi]‍(*rusa­ṇiṣi)‐​

69. de vivasagha­prariṇamu ◦ praṣadha­sabujaghu bhavedi ◦ vivea­ṇiṣide (*viragha­ṇi)‐​

70. ṣide ṇirusa­ṇiṣide ◦ vivasagha­pariṇamu ◦ samasi­sabujagh[u] bhav(*edi ◦ vive)‐​

71. a­ṇiṣi[de] viragha­ṇ⟨*i⟩ṣide ṇirusa­ṇiṣide vivasagha­p[r]ariṇamu ◦ uekṣa­(*sabuja)‐​

72. gh(*u) [bhave]di vivea­ṇiṣide viragha­ṇiṣide ṇirusa­ṇiṣide vivasa[gha]­(*pariṇamu ◦)

73. aï vuca[di] bhava[ṇapra]saṇe ○ . . .

73. . . . (1) Punigaavadano2 vistara ka///(*ryam ido)

74. evo śuyadi · Anas̱apiḍigasa grahavadisa Puni[g]. ///

75. da bhagava rayeno P[r]as̱en[i]g[e]no matriadi budho [na uv]‍(*e)‍[cha]///(*di)

76. ya sarv[e]ṣo grahavadino na uv[e]chadi Puniga ? ? ///

77. vistare avadano ◦ 1

Verso

86. . . . evo śruyadi Kadamagasa rayasa Ka///(*dama)‐​

87. go namo pido hovadi so suarayonige [u]///(*va)‐​

88. gado adivamaca[rimadi] sarvo yas̱ayu[pa]///(*mano)

89. . . . (4) evo ṣuyadi nagare Palaḍipu ? [tr]. [n]. ? ? ///

90. namo ganiga hovadi ◦ yavi ? Ujani[ge] graha///(*vadi)

91. ca la ? ya muchido bh[u]mi parivartadi bhi ///

92. aryadharma praüṇ[idi vistare yas̱a]///(*yupamano)

93. . . . (5) eva śruyadi [ga]niga [a] ? kṣo ? ///

94. ten[o] suta[ga]lo va matredi agaro [śa] ///

95. yadarthino nimatridago vistaro [ya]‍(*s̱a)y(*u) ///

Sources: Allon 2001, Lenz 2014, Lenz 2004
SB (2011-05-09); TL: puniga avadano
Two parallel lines (apparently not an akṣara) may indicate the beginning of a scribal correction, since the following nine characters are crossed out by a wavy ink line [HYPOTHESIS]
{ca ladho is uncertain. murchitaḥ phrase is in Av, but I can’t remember where-book mark fell out; mūrchitaḥ pṛthivyām nipatitaḥ, SBv II: 161.8, Ājataśatru faints upon hearing of his father’s death; also J3.2v, l. 1 so rayaṇa muchito praavi pravadido; Ajitasenavyākaraṇam, Dutt, Gilgit Mss. vol. 1: 927.16-7 atha rājā ajitaseno bhagavato rūpavarṇaliṃgasaṃsthānaṃ dr̥ṣṭvā mūrcchitvā dharaṇitale nipatitaḥ; Dhūpaḥ’ Av (vaidya) 24.52 tato mūlanikr̥tta iva drumaḥ pādayornipatya praṇidhānaṃ kartumārabdhaḥ}
rayena is on a separate chip that must have peeled from somewhere else
Allon 2009; Allon 2001: p[a]r[a]m[a] + + + (*datu)


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