Collection British Library Maintainer Published
Contents Khvs Parallels Scribes BLS09
Frame 15 Fragment 5B Other ID J4.1
Type Single sheet Date 1‒100 Basis for date internal, paleography
Medium Birch bark Findspot Haḍḍa, Afghanistan ? Last known location British Library, London, United Kingdom
Dimensions (cm) 24 × 41.5 Lines (r) 44 Lines (v) blank
Editions Salomon 1999, 33–5; Salomon 2000 Other refs. Caillat 2003.2, 37–8; Summer‐Sparks 2004; Scherrer‐Schaub 2009, 153; Deeg 2010, 96–7; Baums 2011, 243; Leapman 2012, 82; Strauch 2012, 139–40; Cox 2013, 39; Salomon 2013.2, 11–3, 18–9; Jones 2014, 166, 170, 176; Clarke 2014, 3–4; Baums 2014.4, 184, 186, 190, 194, 198, 200, 206, 212; Schlingloff 2015, 86; De Simini 2016, 109; Tournier 2016, 407; Jantrasrisalai+ 2016, 12–3
Comments Text based on Salomon 2000 (AG).

Ancient Buddhist Scrolls from Gandhāra: The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments
A Gāndhārī Version of the Rhinoceros Sūtra: British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragment 5B
Gleanings from a Comparative Reading of Early Canonical Buddhist and Jaina Texts
Tracing the Buddhist Path
Copier, interpréter, transformer, représenter : ou des modes de la diffusion des Écritures et de l’écrit dans le bouddhisme indien
Why is the Buddha Riding on an Elephant? The Bodhisattva’s Conception and the Change of Motive
Indiske skrifter: seglskrift, akṣaras og »arabertal«
The Book of the British Library
The Character of the Indian Kharoṣṭhī Script and the “Sanskrit Revolution”: A Writing System between Identity and Assimilation
Yogācāra Prehistory: The Interpretation of bhāva, svabhāva, abhiniṣpanna and pariniṣpanna in a Gāndhārī Scholastic Text
The Discovery of Early Buddhist Manuscripts and Their Significance for the History of Indian Buddhism
Like the Rhinoceros, or Like Its Horn? The Problem of Khaggavisāṇa Revisited
Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms
Gandhāran Scrolls: Rediscovering an Ancient Manuscript Type
Die Übermenschlichen Phänomene: Visuelle Meditation und Wunderscheinung in buddhistischer Literatur und Kunst: Ein religionsgeschichtlicher Versuch
Of Gods and Books: Ritual and Knowledge Transmission in the Manuscript Cultures of Premodern India
Protective Verses for Travellers: A Fragment of the Diśāsauvastikagāthās Related to the Scriptures of the Mahāsāṃghika‐Lokottaravādins
Fragments of an Ekottarikāgama Manuscript in Gāndhārī
Recto

1. (1a) sarveṣ(*o) bhuteṣo ṇis̱ae daṃḍo · (1b) avihesao aṃñataraṃ pi teṣo (1c) metreṇa [ci]tiṇa hita[ṇ]‍(*ukaṃpi (1d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

2. (2a) [saṃs]‍(*evamaṇas̱a siyati s̄eho) (2b) s̄e[haṃva]yaṃ dukha(*m idaṃ prabhoti) (2c) + + + + + + + + + + + (2d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

3. (3a) (*m)‍[i]‍(*tra) [s]‍(*ahaya) + + + + + + (3b) (*haveti) [a]r(*th)o paḍi[v]adha­c(*ita) (3c) + + + + + + + + + + + (3d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

4. (4a) vaṃśo viśalo va yasa [viṣat]o (4b) putreṣo dareṣo ya ya avekh(*o) (4c) (*vaṃsakaḍiro va aṣajamaṇo (4d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

5. (5a) mrigo abadho vi yas̱a araṃñe (5b) yeṇichati gachati goyarae (5c) + + + + + + + + + + + (5d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

6. (6a) putra ya dara yaṃ dhaṇo jahitva (6b) parigrahe ñati a baṃdhava ya (6c) + + + + + + + + + + + (6d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

7. (7a) saṃkriḍaṇa bho[ti] sahayamaj̄e (7b) [putr]eṣ(*o) [ya viul]‍(*a bhoti prema) (7c) + + + + + + + + + + + (7d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

8. (8a) amaṃtraṇa bho[t]i maha­yaṇas̱a (8b) + + + + + + + + + + + (8c) + + + + + + + + + + + (8d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

9. (9a) d[o]saṃ[graha] p[r]av(*ra)‍[yida vi] ege (9b) + + + + + + + + + + + (9c) + + + + + + + + + + + (9d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

10. (10a) (*kriḍa) + + + + + + + + + (10b) + + + + + + + + + + + (10c) + + + + + + + + + + + (10d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

11. (11a) (*aradha­virya) + + + + + + (11b) + + + + + + + + + + + (11c) + + + + + + + + + + + (11d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

12. (12a) (*ras̱e agridhaṃ) + + + + + (12b) + + + + + + + + + + + (12c) + + + + + + + + + + + (12d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

13. (13a) pava sahaya parivajaea (13b) aṇartha­sevi viṣame ṇiviṭha (13c) + + + + + + + + + + (*t)o (13d) (*eko care khargaviṣaṇagapo ·)

14. (14a) aṇucha[t]io ahiacae to (14b) viṃñu­praśastaṃ ca su[ho] ya dhaṃm(*o) (14c) (*ṇa putraṃ i)‍[chea k]uto sahayo (14d) + + (*ca)‍[r]‍(*e kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

15. (15a) (*aṭ́ha)‍[ṇa1 to] s(*aṃ)gaṇiaradas̱a (15b) yaṃ phaṣae samaïa vimuti (15c) [adica]ba[ṃ]dh[us̱a] va[y]o [ṇiśa]ma (15d) eko care khargaviṣa[ṇaga]‍(*po ·)

16. (16a) (*dispa suvarṇas̱a prabha)‍[svaraṇi] (16b) kamara­putre[ṇa] s(*u)ṇiṭhidaṇi (16c) (*saṃghaṭamaṇaṇi d)ue bhuyasi[ṃ] (16d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gap(*o ·)

17. (17a) kama hi citra mas̱ora maṇorama (17b) [vir]‍(*u)‍[par]‍(*u)‍[v]‍(*e)‍[h]‍(*i mas̱eṃti cita) (17c) [a]d(*i)ṇ[ava] (*kamaguṇeṣo di)‍[spa] (17d) eko care khargaviṣaṇagapo ·

18. (18a) p(*u)t[r]aṃ va [mitra] m(*a)ritaṃ va m eva (18b) hitvaṇ(*u) kamaṇi yas̱otoaṇi (18c) + + + + + + + + + + + (18d) e[k]‍(*o car)e kha(*r)ga­viṣaṇa­gapo (*·)

19. (19a) ośaḍaïta gihi­viṃjaṇaṇi (19b) [o]śiṇapatro yas̱a koviraḍo (19c) ka[ṣa]‍(*yavastro abhinikhamitva (19d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

20. (20a) saṃdalaïta gihibaṃdhaṇaṇi (20b) jalaṃ yas̱a bh[itva] balaṃ śaüto (20c) (*agiva daḍha) aṇi[vart]‍(*amaṇa (20d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

21. (21a) [sih]‍(*o va chadeṣo) [asaṃ]tra[saṃ]t(*a) (21b) vato va jalasi[ṃ] aṣ(*a)j(*a)maṇ(*a) (21c) + + + + + + + + + + + (21d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

22. (22a) [sih]‍(*o) + + + + + + + + + (22b) + + + + + + + + + + + (22c) + + + + + + + + + + + (22d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

23. (23a) śikṣa samadae achidra­vurti (23b) kalaṇa­śilaṃ bha[yava]ja[daśi] (23c) (*ichea na p)utr(*a k)u[to] (*sahayo (23d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

24. (24a) bhayea mitra paḍibhaṇavaṃta (24b) bah(*o)­ṣuda dhaṃma­dhara uraḍa (24c) (*aṃñae dhaṃmaṃ vi)yigitsa praha(*e) (24d) [ek]‍(*o care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

25. (25a) sayi labhea ṇivago sahayo (25b) sardhacare sas̱ovihari dhiro (25c) (*abhibhuya) sarvaṇi pariṣeaṇi (25d) carea teṇata­maṇa svad(*ima ·)

26. (26a) ṇo ya labhea [ṇ]ivag(*o) sahayo (26b) sa[rdha]care sas̱o­vi[ha]ri dh[iro] (26c) (*raya va raṭha) [v]iyidaṃ prahae (26d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­ga[p]‍(*o ·)

27. (27a) [ar]dha prahiśati sahaya­saṃ[pata] (27b) [śreṭh]‍(*a sama se)‍[v]‍(*itava sahaya) (27c) + + + + + + + + + + [a]. (27d) eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·

28. (28a) [o]kṣita­cakhu yas̱a­cari gramo (28b) gutiṃdrio [ra]kṣati [maṇa]s̱aṇo (28c) + + + + + + + + + + + (28d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

29. (29a) salaṇa to j̄aṇo aricamaṇa (29b) dhaṃmeṣo ṇico aṇudhaṃma­[ya]ri (29c) [a] + + + + + + + + + + + (29d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

30. (30a) driṭhi­viṣoaṇi uvativuto (30b) prata ṇiamo paḍila[dha]­mago (30c) + + + + + + + + + + + (30d) (*eko care kharga­viṣaṇa­gapo ·)

31. (31a) [śita] c[a] u[ṣ̄]a ca kṣus̱a pivas̱a (31b) + + + + + + + + + + + (31c) + + + + + + + + + + + (31d) (*eko care khargaviṣaṇagapo ·)

32. (32a) ṇago vi yus̱aṇi vivajaïta (32b) saṃjada­kaṃdho patumaṃ u[raḍo] (32c) (*yas̱abhiraṃta) vi(*ha)‍[r]‍(*e araṃñe) (32d) [eko] (*care kharga)­[v]‍(*iṣaṇa­gapo ·)

33. (33a) ṇiloluo ṇikuho ṇikaṣayo (33b) ṇimoho ṇidhaṃto­kaṣa[ya­mra]kṣo (33c) (*ṇiraṣayo sarva­lo)‍[g]‍(*e) bhavitva (33d) eko car(*e) [kha]rga­viṣa[ṇa]­(*gapo ·)

34. (34a) catud(*i)‍[śo a]paḍiho kuhi ca (34b) saṃtuśamaṇa itaridare[ṇa] (34c) (*pariṣeaṇa sa)hita achaṃbi (34d) eko care khargaviṣaṇa[ga]‍(*po ·)

35. (35a) raga ca doṣa ca prahae mokho (35b) taṣ̄a [ya] sarva­[sayoy]‍(*aṇa)‍[ṇi] (35c) (*asaṃtrasaṃ jivita­saṃ)‍[śayas]i(*ṃ) (35d) [ek]‍(*o) care kha[r]ga­(*v)i[ṣaṇa]­(*gapo ·)

36. (36a) metra uvekha karuṇa ya bhavae (36b) asevamaṇa mutita e kalo (36c) (*sarveṇa loge)ṇa [a]‍(*viruj̄ama)‍[ṇ]‍(*a) (36d) eko care kharga­[vi]‍(*ṣaṇa­gapo ·)

37. (37a) prahaï paṃcavaraṇaṇi cedaso (37b) uvakileśa vavaṇuja s(*ar)‍[v]‍(*a) (37c) (*abhibhuya sa)r[va]ṇi [pari]ṣ(*e)aṇi (37d) eko care kharga­vi[ṣa]‍(*ṇa­gapo ·)

38. (38a) kitañata taṇi maṇuśaloge (38b) sudulabho baḍo śa[ḍha maṇuśa] (38c) (*ṇiraṣayo) [sar]‍(*va)­[loge] bhavitva (38d) eko care kharga­[viṣaṇ]‍(*a­gapo ·)

39. (39a) bhayaṃti sevaṃti ya karaṇa[r]thia (39b) ṇigaraṇo dulabha aja mitra (39c) (*kule kule apa)‍[ḍ]i[vadha]­cita (39d) eko care kharga­vi[ṣa]‍(*ṇa­gapo ·)

40. (40a) e(*va)ṃ khu (*ma)sa dutieṇa sadha (40b) vayabh(*i)lavo ahiṣajaṇa (*va) (40c) e(*to bhaya ayati) pr(*e)‍[kṣamaṇa] (40d) [e]k(*o) care kha(*r)ga­viṣa(*ṇa­gapo ·)

41. (udd1a) sarveṣo · saṃsevaṇa · yaṃ ca mitra · (udd1b) vaśa viśalo va [·] mriaṃ avadho · (udd1c) [p]u(*t)‍[ra] (*ya dara ya · saṃkriḍaṇa ya ·) (udd1d) amaṃtraṇa · saṃgrahaṇa ya · kriḍa [○]

42. (udd2a) aradhavirya · ras̱e agridha[ṃ] · (udd2b) [pa]‍(*va sahaya ya · aṇucha)‍[ti]‍(*o ·) (udd2c) (*aṭ́haṇa to2 ·) [prabha]‍(*svaraṇi) · [ka]‍(*ma) (udd2d) (*putraṃ) [va] · ohariṇa · yadvalaṇa ○

43. (udd3a) [siha d]‍(*ue) [·] śikṣa · bhayea mitra · (udd3b) sayi labh(*e) [·] ṇo [ya la]‍(*bhea · ardha) (udd3c) (*okṣitacakhu) [ya]s̱a­cari gramo · (udd3d) salaṇa va · driṭhi­vi[ṣo]‍(*a yava ○)

44. (udd4a) [śita ca] (*·) [ṇa]g(*o) [vi] (*·) [ṇ]‍(*i)‍[lo]‍(*l)uo (*ya ·) (udd4b) (*catudi)‍[ś]‍(*o ·) [raga] (*· metra uvekha ·) (udd4c) (*avaraṇaṇi ceda)‍[s]‍(*o ·) [kitañada] · (udd4d) bhayaṃti [ya]va · dutieṇa sa[dha] (*○)

Source: Salomon 2000
SB (20170220); Salomon 2000: (*aṭha)[ṇa]
SB (20170220); Salomon 2000: (*aṭhaṇa)


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