Year 63 Era Azes Month Kārttika Day 16
C.E. 15/16 Ruler Dynasty
Owner/donor Donor status
Subject School Type relic establishment
Medium stone Findspot unknown Last known location Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United States (1987.142.71a, b)
Editions Mukherjee 1977, 93–114; Bailey 1978, 3–13; Fussman 1980.2, 1–43; Salomon 1982, 59–68; Salomon+ 1984; Baums 2012, 207–208 (no. 8) Other refs. Bivar 1981, 372–3; Mukherjee 1981, 51–82; Bivar 1981.2, 52–4; Fussman 1984, 32–3, 46; Fabrègues 1987, 34–5; Fussman 1989, 460; Neelis 1992, 78; Tsukamoto 1996, 941–3; Falk 1998.2, 85–6, 94–5, 99–102; Salomon 1999, 130; Garbini 2001, 199; Hinüber 2001.2, 521; Kurita 2003, II 270; Falk 2005.2, 347–9; Salomon 2005.2, 360, 380–1, 385; Falk 2007.2, 136; Radich 2007, 525; Behrendt 2007, 20, 22–3; Mac Dowall 2007, 107; Falk 2008, 76–7; Schopen 2009.2, 171; Neelis 2011, 56; Salomon 2012.2, 165, 171, 179–80, 184, 187–8, 191; Jongeward 2012, 96; Jongeward 2012.3, 257 (no. 54); Palumbo 2013, 289–91; Oguibénine 2016, 45; Jantrasrisalai+ 2016, 6; Baums 2018.4, 61–2, 65–6; Scherrer‐Schaub 2018, 129
Comments Earlier readings: Mukherjee 1977–78, Bailey 1978, Fussman 1980, Salomon 1982, Salomon & Schopen 1984, Baums 2012
An Interesting Kharoshṭhī Inscription
Two Kharoṣṭhī Casket Inscriptions from Avaca
Nouvelles inscriptions śaka : ère d’Eucratide, ère d’Azès, ère Vikrama, ère de Kaniṣka
The Azes Era and the Indravarma Casket
Mathurā and Its Society: The Śaka‐Pahlava Phase
The ‘Vikrama’ Era, the Indravarma Casket, and the Coming of the Indo‐Scythians, Forerunners of the Afghans
The “Avaca” Inscription and the Origin of the Vikrama Era
The Indravarman (Avaca) Casket Inscription Reconsidered: Further Evidence for Canonical Passages in Buddhist Inscriptions
Nouvelles inscriptions śaka (II)
The Indo‐Parthian Beginnings of Gandhara Sculpture
Gāndhārī écrite, gāndhārī parlée
A Survey of Recently‐Discovered Kharoṣṭhī Inscriptions
Indo bukkyō himei no kenkyū
Notes on Some Apraca Dedicatory Texts
Ancient Buddhist Scrolls from Gandhāra: The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments
An Interesting Carnelian Seal of the Kushāṇa Period
Journal of the American Oriental Society
A Revised and Enlarged Edition of Gandhāran Art
The Introduction of Stūpa‐Worship in Bajaur
The Indo‐Greek Era of 186/5 B.C. in a Buddhist Reliquary Inscription
Ancient Indian Eras: An Overview
The Somatics of Liberation: Ideas about Embodiment in Buddhism from Its Origins to the Fifth Century C.E.
The Art of Gandhara in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Eras of Demetrius, Eucratides and Azes
Another Reliquary Vase from Wardak and Consecrating Fire Rites in Gandhāra
Regional Languages and the Law in Some Early North Indian Buddhist Monasteries and Convents
Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange within and beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia
Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
Survey of Gandharan Reliquaries
Appendix – Tables of Gandharan Reliquaries
Catalog and Revised Texts and Translations of Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
An Early Chinese Commentary on the Ekottarika‐āgama: The Fenbie gongde lun 分别功德論 and the History of the Translation of the Zengyi ahan jing 增一阿含經
A Descriptive Grammar of Buddhist Sanskrit: The Language of the Textual Tradition of the Mahāsāṃghika‐Lokottaravādins: General Introduction, Sound Patterns, Sandhi Patterns
Fragments of an Ekottarikāgama Manuscript in Gāndhārī
A Framework for Gandhāran Chronology Based on Relic Inscriptions
The Quintessence of the Mādhyamika Teaching Blossoms Again: Some Considerations in View of the 5th–7th C. A.D. (I): Reading the Alkhan’s Document (Schøyen MSS 2241) in Religious and Political Context

1. saṃvatsarae treṣaṭhimae 20 20 20 1 1 1 maharayasa Ayasa atidasa Kartiasa masasa divasae ṣoḍaśae imeṇa cetrike kṣ[a]ṇ[e] Idravarme kumare Apracarajaputre

2. ime bhagavato Śakyamuṇisa śarira pradiṭhaveti ṭhiae gabhirae apradiṭhavitaprave pateśe brammapuñ[o] prasavati sadha maduṇa Rukhuṇakaa jiputrae Apracarajabharyae

3. sadha maüleṇa Ramakeṇa sadha maülaṇie Daṣakae sadha śpasadarehi Vasavadatae Maha[ve]dae Ṇikae ca gahiṇie ya Utarae

4. pidu a puyae Viṣ̄uvarmasa Avacarayasa

5. bhrada Vaga stratego puyaïte Viyayamitro ya Avacaraya maduśpasa Bhaïdata puyita

6. ime ca śarire Muryakaliṇate thubute kiḍapraḍiharia avhiye aheṭhi majimami pratiṭhavaṇami pratiṭha[visa]

7. vasia paṃcaïśo

Source: Baums 2012
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