Year 51 Era Kaniṣka? Month Artemisios Day 15
C.E. 177/178 Ruler Dynasty
Owner/donor Donor status
Subject School Type relic establishment
Medium bronze Findspot Khawat, Maidan Wardak, Afghanistan Last known location British Museum, London, United Kingdom (1880.93)
Editions Prinsep 1858, I 161–164; Rājendralāla Mitra 1863, 153; Bayley 1870, 67; Pargiter 1911–12; Pargiter 1912, 1060–3; Senart 1914, 569–85; Konow 1916, 807–10; Konow 1929, 165–70, pl. 33; Krishnan 1989, 268–70; Baums 2012, 243–244 (no. 43) Other refs. Wilson 1841, 117–8; Cunningham 1862, 303; Cunningham 1863, 144 (no. 3), 146; Dowson 1863.2, 428; Dowson 1863, 255–65, pl. 10; Dowson 1869–70, 501; Senart 1890, 121; Cunningham 1891, 37; Senart 1894, 515; Senart 1896, 10; Fleet 1905.2, 647; Thomas 1906, 214; Rapson 1906, 216; Banerji 1908, 30–1, 60, 67; Lüders 1909, 661, 665; Grierson 1913, 141–4; Lüders 1913, 418; Pargiter 1914.1, 126–8; Boyer+ 1918, 322; Hultzsch 1919, 224–8; Lüders 1919, 763, 765–6; Majumdar 1922.2, 64; Majumdar 1922.2, 64; Majumdar 1924, 30–31 (no. 93); Macdonell 1927.2, 251; Thomas 1931.2, 4; Burrow 1937, 38; Chhabra 1949–50, 127; Bloch 1951, 51; Maricq 1958, 367; Brough 1962, 68–9, 71; Krishan 1964, 108–9; Shizutani 1965, 133, 150–151 (no. 1801); Myer 1966, 396; Kumar 1973, 265; Fussman 1974.2, 88–9; Damsteegt 1978, 245; Pingree 1982, 356–7; Bussagli 1984, 25; Odani 1994–2011.2, 579–80; Lin 1996.2, 190, 201; Tsukamoto 1996, 1016–7; Lin 1996, 334–5, 337; Rhie 1999, I 341–343, II 327; Falk 2004.3, 140; Radich 2007, 526; Falk 2008, 68–74; Coloru 2009, 169; Falk+ 2009, 210; Neelis 2011, 241; Jongeward 2012.3, 289 (no. 345); Jongeward 2012, 46, 81, 97; Strauch 2012, 139, 160; Salomon 2012.2, 165–6, 171, 180, 187, 192–4; Errington 2012, 156; Fussman 2015, 171–4; Falk 2015, 44; Falk 2015.2, 120; Baums 2018.4, 56, 61, 63, 66
Comments Earlier readings: Prinsep 1858, Rájendralála Mitra 1863, Pargiter 1911–12, Pargiter 1912, Senart 1914, Konow 1916, Konow 1929, Baums 2012
Ariana antiqua: A Descriptive Account of the Antiquities and Coins of Afghanistan: With a Memoir on the Buildings Called Topes, by C. Masson, Esq.
Essays on Indian Antiquities, Historic, Numismatic, and Palæographic
Extract of a Letter
Note on Major General A. Cunningham’s Remarks on the Bactro‐Pali Taxila Inscription
Remarks on the Bactro‐Pali Inscription from Taxila
Remarks on the Taxila Inscription
On a Newly Discovered Bactrian Pali Inscription; and on Other Inscriptions in the Bactrian Pali Character
Translation of a Bactrian Pali Inscription
Memorandum on and Tentative Reading of the Súe Vihár Inscription from Near Bháwalpúr
Notes d’épigraphie indienne, III : De quelques monuments indo‐bactriens
Coins of Ancient India from the Earliest Times down to the Seventh Century A.D.
Notes d’épigraphie indienne, V : Les récentes découvertes du major Deane
Notes d’épigraphie indienne, VI : L’inscription du stûpa de Manikyâla
Note on a Jain Inscription at Mathura
Sakastana
On the Alphabet of the Kharoṣṭhî Documents Discovered by Dr Stein at Niya in Chinese Turkestan
The Scythian Period of Indian History
The Manikiala Inscription
The Inscription on the Wardak Vase
The Inscription on the Wardak Vase
On the Phonetics of the Wardak Vase
Die Śakas und die ‘nordarische’ Sprache
The Phonetics of the Wardak Vase
L’inscription du vase de Wardak
Indoskythische Beiträge
Une tablette kharoṣṭhī‐sanskrite de la collection de Sir Aurel Stein
Zur Inschrift der Wardak-Vase
Die śākischen Mūra
Notes on Kharoṣṭhī Inscriptions
Notes on Kharoṣṭhī Inscriptions
A List of Kharoṣṭhī Inscriptions
India’s Past: A Survey of Her Literatures, Religions, Languages and Antiquities
Kharoshṭhī Inscriptions with the Exception of Those of Aśoka
Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen
The Language of the Kharoṣṭhi Documents from Chinese Turkestan
Peshawar Potsherds with Kharoshthi Writings
Trois notes
La grande inscription de Kaniṣka et l’étéo‐tokharien, l’ancienne langue de la Bactriane
The Gāndhārī Dharmapada
Was Gandhāra Art a Product of Mahāyāna Buddhism?
Indo bukkyō himei mokuroku: Guputa jidai izen no bukkyō himei
Again the Kanishka Casket
The Early Kuṣāṇas (a History of the Rise and Progress of the Kuṣāṇa Power under the Early Kuṣāṇa Rulers – from Kujula Kadphises to Vāsudeva)
Ruines de la vallée de Wardak
Epigraphical Hybrid Sanskrit: Its Rise, Spread, Characteristics and Relationship to Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit
A Note on the Calendars Used in Early Indian Inscriptions
L’arte del Gandhāra
Uṭṭaṅkita Sanskrit Vidyā Araṇya Epigraphs, Volume II: Prākṛit and Sanskrit Epigraphs: 257 B.C. to 320 A.D.
Kharoshṭhī Inscriptions
Kharoṣṭhī Bibliography: The Collections from China (1897–1993)
Indo bukkyō himei no kenkyū
Duàn Wénjié Dūnhuáng yánjiū wǔshí nián jìniàn wénjí
Early Buddhist Art of China and Central Asia
Six Early Brāhmī Inscriptions from Gandhāra
The Somatics of Liberation: Ideas about Embodiment in Buddhism from Its Origins to the Fifth Century C.E.
Another Reliquary Vase from Wardak and Consecrating Fire Rites in Gandhāra
Da Alessandro a Menandro: il regno greco di Battriana
Macedonian Intercalary Months and the Era of Azes
Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange within and beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia
Appendix – Tables of Gandharan Reliquaries
Survey of Gandharan Reliquaries
The Character of the Indian Kharoṣṭhī Script and the “Sanskrit Revolution”: A Writing System between Identity and Assimilation
Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
Reliquaries in the British Museum
Catalog and Revised Texts and Translations of Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
Kushan Power and the Expansion of Buddhism beyond the Soleiman Mountains
A New Gāndhārī Dharmapada (Texts from the Split Collection 3)
Kushan Histories: Literary Sources and Selected Papers from a Symposium at Berlin, December 5 to 7, 2013
A Framework for Gandhāran Chronology Based on Relic Inscriptions

1. (A) saṃ 20 20 10 1 mas̱a Arthamisiya sastehi 10 4 1 imeṇa gaḍ̱ig̱eṇa (B) Kamagulyaputra Vag̱amareg̱a s̱a iśa Khavadami (C) Kadalayig̱avag̱amareg̱aviharammi thu[ba]mmi (F) bhag̱avada Śakyamuṇe śarira pariṭhaveti

2. (G) imeṇa kuśalamuleṇa (H) Maharajarajatirajahuveṣkas̱a agrabhag̱ae bhavatu (I) madapidara me puyae bhavatu (J) bhradara me Haṣthunaḥmareg̱as̱a puyae bhavatu (K) yo ca me bhuya ṇatig̱amitrasaṃbhatig̱aṇa puyae bhavatu (L) mahiya ca Vag̱amareg̱as̱a agrabhag̱apaḍ̱iyaṃśae

3. bhavatu (M) sarvasatvaṇa arogadakṣiṇae bhavatu (O) Aviyaṇarag̱aparyata yava bhavagra (P) yo atra aṃtara a[ṃ]ḍajo jalayuga śaśvetiga arupyata (Q) sarviṇa puyae bhavatu (R) mahiya ca rohaṇa (S) sada sarviṇa avaṣatrigaṇa saparivara ca (T) agrabhagapaḍ̱iyaṃśae bhavatu (U) mithyagas̱a ca agrabhaga bhavatu

4. (W) eṣa vihara acaryaṇa Mahasaṃghigaṇa parigraha

Source: Baums 2012
fragment
Off
busy