Year 136 Era Azes Month Āṣāḍha Day 15
C.E. 88/89 Ruler Dynasty
Owner/donor Donor status
Subject School Type relic establishment
Medium silver Findspot Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan Last known location National Museum, New Delhi, Delhi, India (8789 Dh’ 12‐G5)
Editions Marshall 1914; Marshall 1915, 191–6; Boyer 1915; Marshall 1915.2, 12–3; Konow 1916, 803–5; Marshall 1912–1913, 18–20; Marshall 1918, 2–3; Marshall 1918.2, 52–3; Konow 1929, 51, 70–7; Lüders 1940.2, 22–6; Marshall 1951; Brough 1962, 82; Krishnan 1989, 187–8; Baums 2012, 237 (no. 30) Other refs. Thomas 1914, 987–92; Fleet 1914.2, 992–9; Thomas 1915.3, 155–6; Fleet 1915, 314–8; Woolner 1916, 570–1; Bhandarkar 1916; Chanda 1920; Deb 1922, 37–42; Rapson 1922, 571, 581–3; Rhys Davids 1930, ix; Thomas 1931.2, 14; Burrow 1937, 37; Thomas 1946, 312–3; van Lohuizen‐de Leeuw 1949, 6–10, 13–4; Chhabra 1949–50, 128; Schwarzschild 1959, 82–3; Harmatta 1964, 18; Shizutani 1965, 133, 137, 148 (no. 1788); Kumar 1973, 1, 8, 243; Khandalavala 1974, 280; Damsteegt 1978, 44, 163–4; Fussman 1980.2, 34; Pingree 1982, 356–7; Gupta 1985, 78 (no. 109); Ghosal 1986; Schopen 1988, 530; Fussman 1989, 449; Rosen Stone 1994, 15, 106; Vertogradova 1995, 68; Tsukamoto 1996, 1008–9; Falk 2003, 78; Salomon 2005.2, 377; Salomon Forthcoming.2, 272; Mac Dowall 2007, 107–8; Falk+ 2009, 207; Salomon 2011.3, 139; Salomon 2011.4, 383; Strauch 2012, 148; Salomon 2012.2, 165, 171, 184, 187–8, 192–3; Falk 2014–15, 156; Falk 2015.2, 97; Baums 2018.4, 61–2, 66
Comments Earlier readings: Marshall 1914, Boyer 1915, Marshall 1915, Konow 1916, Konow 1929, Lüders 1940, Brough 1962, Baums 2012
The Date of Kanishka
The Taxila Inscription of the Year 136
The Date of Kanishka
Mr. Marshall’s Taxila Inscription
The Date of Kanishka
L’inscription en kharoṣṭhī du 15 āṣāḍha 136
The Taxila Scroll of the Year 136
Annual Report of the Archæological Survey of India: Part I, 1913–14
Indoskythische Beiträge
Excavations at Taxila
Ayasa = asya
The Taxila Scroll Inscription of the Year 136
Annual Report: 1915–16
A Guide to Taxila
Taxila Inscription of the Year 136
Taxila Silver‐Scroll Inscription
The Cambridge History of India, Volume I: Ancient India
Kharoshṭhī Inscriptions with the Exception of Those of Aśoka
The Milinda‐Questions: An Inquiry into Its Place in the History of Buddhism with a Theory as to Its Author
Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen
The Language of the Kharoṣṭhi Documents from Chinese Turkestan
Zu und aus den Kharoṣṭhī‐Urkunden
Devaputra
The “Scythian” Period: An Approach to the History, Art, Epigraphy and Palaeography of North India from the 1st Century B.C. to the 3rd Century A.D.
Peshawar Potsherds with Kharoshthi Writings
Taxila: An Illustrated Account of Archaeological Excavations Carried out at Taxila under the Orders of the Government of India between the Years 1913 and 1934
Notes on Two Postpositions of Late Middle Indo‐Aryan: taṇaya and resi, resammi
The Gāndhārī Dharmapada
Sino‐Indica
Indo bukkyō himei mokuroku: Guputa jidai izen no bukkyō himei
The Early Kuṣāṇas (a History of the Rise and Progress of the Kuṣāṇa Power under the Early Kuṣāṇa Rulers – from Kujula Kadphises to Vāsudeva)
An Inscription of the Year 11 of Caṣṭana and Its Implications
Epigraphical Hybrid Sanskrit: Its Rise, Spread, Characteristics and Relationship to Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit
Nouvelles inscriptions śaka : ère d’Eucratide, ère d’Azès, ère Vikrama, ère de Kaniṣka
A Note on the Calendars Used in Early Indian Inscriptions
Masterpieces from the National Museum Collection
Taxila Silver Scroll Inscription of a Kushāṇa King – Year 136
On the Buddha and His Bones: The Conception of a Relic in the Inscriptions of Nāgārjunikoṇḍa
Gāndhārī écrite, gāndhārī parlée
Uṭṭaṅkita Sanskrit Vidyā Araṇya Epigraphs, Volume II: Prākṛit and Sanskrit Epigraphs: 257 B.C. to 320 A.D.
The Buddhist Art of Nāgārjunakoṇḍa
Indiĭskai͡a ėpigrafika iz Kara‐tepe v Starom Termeze: problemy deshifrovki i interpretat͡sii
Indo bukkyō himei no kenkyū
Five New Kharoṣṭhī Donation Records from Gandhāra
The Indo‐Greek Era of 186/5 B.C. in a Buddhist Reliquary Inscription
The Name of Taxila: Greek Τάξιλα, Gāndhārī Takṣaïla, Sanskrit Takṣaśilā, Pali Takkasilā
The Eras of Demetrius, Eucratides and Azes
Macedonian Intercalary Months and the Era of Azes
Zāru Derī iseki shutsudo ibutsu no meibun
Inscriptions from the Zar Dheri Excavations
The Character of the Indian Kharoṣṭhī Script and the “Sanskrit Revolution”: A Writing System between Identity and Assimilation
Catalog and Revised Texts and Translations of Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
Gandharan Reliquary Inscriptions
Buddhistische Reliquienbehälter aus der Sammlung Gritli von Mitterwallner
Kushan Histories: Literary Sources and Selected Papers from a Symposium at Berlin, December 5 to 7, 2013
A Framework for Gandhāran Chronology Based on Relic Inscriptions

1. sa 1 100 20 10 4 1 1 Ayasa Aṣaḍasa masasa divase 10 4 1 iśa diva[se pradi]stavita bhagavato dhatu[o] Ura[sa]‐

2. keṇa [Iṃ]tavhriaputraṇa Bahalieṇa Ṇoacae ṇagare vastaveṇa teṇa ime pradistavita bhagavato dhatuo Dhamara‐

3. ie Takṣaśi⟨*la⟩e taṇuvae bosisatvagahami maharajasa rajatirajasa devaputrasa Khuṣaṇasa arogadakṣiṇae

4. sarva[bu]dhaṇa puyae pracagabudhaṇa puyae araha⟨*ta⟩ṇa1 pu[ya]e sarvasa⟨*tva⟩ṇa2 puyae matapitu puyae mitramacañatisa‐

5. lohi⟨*ta⟩ṇa3 [pu]yae atvaṇo arogadakṣiṇae ṇivaṇae hotu a[ya] desamaparicago

Source: Baums 2012
Footnotes
1 SB (20170409); Baums 2012: araha(*ta)ṇa
2 SB (20170409); Baums 2012: sarvasa(*tva)ṇa
3 SB (20170409); Baums 2012: mitramacañatisalohi(*ta)ṇa
SB (20170409); Baums 2012: araha(*ta)ṇa
SB (20170409); Baums 2012: sarvasa(*tva)ṇa
SB (20170409); Baums 2012: mitramacañatisalohi(*ta)ṇa
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